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Secondary interactions organize hydrogen splitting by frustrated Lewis pairs

Recently, there has been considerable interest in the properties of sterically crowded main-group Lewis acid-base pairs. Such systems, termed frustrated pairs, allow remarkable reactions to take place, such as activation of dihydrogen and hydrogenation catalysis without transition metals under mild conditions. Our computational studies on the prototypical (tBu)3P + B(C6F5)3 + H2 → [(tBu)3PH]+[HB(C6F5)3]− reaction showed that a noncovalent preassociation of the base and acid can create a flexible, reactive complex (the frustrated complex) that allows the cooperative interaction of the Lewis centers with the H2 molecule. Investigation of several different pairs revealed that not only the equilibrium between covalently quenched and frustrated complexes, but also the flexibility range of the latter plays a determinant role in reactivity. Interpretation of the experimental results requires to account for the interplay between covalent bonding, dispersion and exchange repulsion, which necessitates the use of more recent DFT approaches

Universitat de Girona. Departament de Química

Universitat de Girona. Institut de Química Computacional

Author: Rokob, Tibor András
Date: 2010 July 7
Abstract: Recently, there has been considerable interest in the properties of sterically crowded main-group Lewis acid-base pairs. Such systems, termed frustrated pairs, allow remarkable reactions to take place, such as activation of dihydrogen and hydrogenation catalysis without transition metals under mild conditions. Our computational studies on the prototypical (tBu)3P + B(C6F5)3 + H2 → [(tBu)3PH]+[HB(C6F5)3]− reaction showed that a noncovalent preassociation of the base and acid can create a flexible, reactive complex (the frustrated complex) that allows the cooperative interaction of the Lewis centers with the H2 molecule. Investigation of several different pairs revealed that not only the equilibrium between covalently quenched and frustrated complexes, but also the flexibility range of the latter plays a determinant role in reactivity. Interpretation of the experimental results requires to account for the interplay between covalent bonding, dispersion and exchange repulsion, which necessitates the use of more recent DFT approaches
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Citation: Rokob, T.A. (2010). Secondary interactions organize hydrogen splitting by frustrated Lewis pairs. A ’IX Girona Seminar’. Girona: Universitat. [Consulta 6 setembre 2010]. Disponible a: http://hdl.handle.net/10256.1/1721
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/10256.1/1721
Language: eng
Publisher: Universitat de Girona. Departament de Química
Universitat de Girona. Institut de Química Computacional
Collection: IX Girona Seminar
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència Creative Commons: Reconeixement - No comercial - Compartir igual (by-nc-sa)
Rights URI: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/es/deed.ca
Subject: Química quàntica -- Congressos
Quantum chemistry -- Congresses
Title: Secondary interactions organize hydrogen splitting by frustrated Lewis pairs
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/lecture
Repository: DUGiMedia

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