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Chemical characterization of different granulometric fractions of grape stalks waste

The chemical composition of grape stalks wastes from wine production was investigated after milling and separation in three different size material fractions. The chemical characterization included summative composition, total polyphenols, condensed tannins, lipophilic extractives ash composition, determination of acidic functional groups and FTIR analysis. Extractives are the main components of grape stalks, especially polar extractives soluble in hot water and in 1% NaOH. The milling and separation process results in an enrichment of extractives and ash in the finest fraction and conversely, an enrichment of structural components in the largest fractions. The bands obtained by FTIR analysis confirm the presence of lignin, polysaccharides and polyphenolic compounds. The results of this research show that fractioning of grape stalks waste is a way to enrich the material in target valuable components and to improve efficiency of resource utilization.

This research was funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation as part of the projects CTM2010-15185 and CTM2012-37215-C02-01. D. Pujol was financially supported by “Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte” (MHE2011-00258) and a fellowship by “Universitat de Girona” (BR 10/09). A PhD fellowship from Chinese Scholarship Council [2011] 3005 was attributed to Chang Liu. Centro de Estudos Florestais is a research unit funded by Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia, Portugal under PEst-OE/AGR/UI0239/2011

© Industrial Crops and Products, 2013, vol. 50, p. 494-500

Elsevier

Author: Pujol Oriola, David
Liu, Chang
Fiol Santaló, Núria
Olivella Costa, Àngels
Gominho, Jorge
Villaescusa Gil, Isabel
Pereira, Helena
Date: 2013 October
Abstract: The chemical composition of grape stalks wastes from wine production was investigated after milling and separation in three different size material fractions. The chemical characterization included summative composition, total polyphenols, condensed tannins, lipophilic extractives ash composition, determination of acidic functional groups and FTIR analysis. Extractives are the main components of grape stalks, especially polar extractives soluble in hot water and in 1% NaOH. The milling and separation process results in an enrichment of extractives and ash in the finest fraction and conversely, an enrichment of structural components in the largest fractions. The bands obtained by FTIR analysis confirm the presence of lignin, polysaccharides and polyphenolic compounds. The results of this research show that fractioning of grape stalks waste is a way to enrich the material in target valuable components and to improve efficiency of resource utilization.
This research was funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation as part of the projects CTM2010-15185 and CTM2012-37215-C02-01. D. Pujol was financially supported by “Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte” (MHE2011-00258) and a fellowship by “Universitat de Girona” (BR 10/09). A PhD fellowship from Chinese Scholarship Council [2011] 3005 was attributed to Chang Liu. Centro de Estudos Florestais is a research unit funded by Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia, Portugal under PEst-OE/AGR/UI0239/2011
Format: application/pdf
ISSN: 0926-6690
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/10256/10939
Language: eng
Publisher: Elsevier
Collection: MINECO/PN 2013-2015/CTM2012-37215-C02-01
MICINN/PN 2011-2013/CTM2010-15185
Reproducció digital del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2013.07.051
Articles publicats (D-EQATA)
Is part of: © Industrial Crops and Products, 2013, vol. 50, p. 494-500
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Subject: Elements químics -- Absorció i adsorció
Chemical elements -- Absorption and adsorption
Metalls -- Absorció i adsorció
Metals -- Absorption and adsorption
Title: Chemical characterization of different granulometric fractions of grape stalks waste
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: DUGiDocs

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