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Coverage Path Planning with Real-time Replanning and Surface Reconstruction for Inspection of Three-dimensional Underwater Structures using Autonomous Underwater Vehicles

We present a novel method for planning coverage paths for inspecting complex structures on the ocean floor using an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV). Our method initially uses a 2.5-dimensional (2.5D) prior bathymetric map to plan a nominal coverage path that allows the AUV to pass its sensors over all points on the target area. The nominal path uses a standard mowing-the-lawn pattern in effectively planar regions, while in regions with substantial 3D relief it follows horizontal contours of the terrain at a given offset distance. We then go beyond previous approaches in the literature by considering the vehicle’s state uncertainty rather than relying on the unrealistic assumption of an idealized path execution. Toward that end, we present a replanning algorithm based on a stochastic trajectory optimization that reshapes the nominal path to cope with the actual target structure perceived in situ. The replanning algorithm runs onboard the AUV in real time during the inspection mission, adapting the path according to the measurements provided by the vehicle’s range-sensing sonars. Furthermore, we propose a pipeline of state-of-the-art surface reconstruction techniques we apply to the data acquired by the AUV to obtain 3D models of the inspected structures that show the benefits of our planning method for 3D mapping. We demonstrate the efficacy of our method in experiments at sea using the GIRONA 500 AUV, where we cover part of a breakwater structure in a harbor and an underwater boulder rising from 40 m up to 27 m depth

This research has been sponsored by the Government of Spain (COMAROB Project, DPI2011-27977-C03-02), the MORPH EU FP7-Project (grant agreement FP7-ICT-2011-7-288704), and the Eurofleets2 EU FP7-Project (grant agreement FP7-INF-2012-312762). The authors are grateful to Lluis Magi, Carles Candela, and Arnau Carrera for helping with the GIRONA 500 operations

info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/288704/EU/Marine robotic system of self-organizing, logically linked physical nodes/MORPH

Wiley

Manager: Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (Espanya)
Author: Galceran Yebenes, Enric
Campos Dausà, Ricard
Palomeras Rovira, Narcís
Ribas Romagós, David
Carreras Pérez, Marc
Ridao Rodríguez, Pere
Abstract: We present a novel method for planning coverage paths for inspecting complex structures on the ocean floor using an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV). Our method initially uses a 2.5-dimensional (2.5D) prior bathymetric map to plan a nominal coverage path that allows the AUV to pass its sensors over all points on the target area. The nominal path uses a standard mowing-the-lawn pattern in effectively planar regions, while in regions with substantial 3D relief it follows horizontal contours of the terrain at a given offset distance. We then go beyond previous approaches in the literature by considering the vehicle’s state uncertainty rather than relying on the unrealistic assumption of an idealized path execution. Toward that end, we present a replanning algorithm based on a stochastic trajectory optimization that reshapes the nominal path to cope with the actual target structure perceived in situ. The replanning algorithm runs onboard the AUV in real time during the inspection mission, adapting the path according to the measurements provided by the vehicle’s range-sensing sonars. Furthermore, we propose a pipeline of state-of-the-art surface reconstruction techniques we apply to the data acquired by the AUV to obtain 3D models of the inspected structures that show the benefits of our planning method for 3D mapping. We demonstrate the efficacy of our method in experiments at sea using the GIRONA 500 AUV, where we cover part of a breakwater structure in a harbor and an underwater boulder rising from 40 m up to 27 m depth
This research has been sponsored by the Government of Spain (COMAROB Project, DPI2011-27977-C03-02), the MORPH EU FP7-Project (grant agreement FP7-ICT-2011-7-288704), and the Eurofleets2 EU FP7-Project (grant agreement FP7-INF-2012-312762). The authors are grateful to Lluis Magi, Carles Candela, and Arnau Carrera for helping with the GIRONA 500 operations
Format: application/pdf
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/10256/11329
Language: eng
Publisher: Wiley
Collection: info:eu-repo/semantics/altIdentifier/doi/10.1002/rob.21554
info:eu-repo/semantics/altIdentifier/issn/1556-4959
info:eu-repo/semantics/altIdentifier/eissn/1556-4967
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MICINN//DPI2011-27977-C03-02/ES/COMAROB: ROBOTICA COOPERATIVA MARINA PARA EL MAPEO ACUSTICO Y LA INTERVENCION/
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/312762/EU/New operational steps towards an alliance of European research fleets/EUROFLEETS2
Is part of: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/288704/EU/Marine robotic system of self-organizing, logically linked physical nodes/MORPH
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Subject: Robots submarins
Underwater robots
Visualització tridimensional (Informàtica)
Robots autònoms
Autonomous robots
Three-dimensional display systems
Title: Coverage Path Planning with Real-time Replanning and Surface Reconstruction for Inspection of Three-dimensional Underwater Structures using Autonomous Underwater Vehicles
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: DUGiDocs

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