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Integrated side-stream reactor for biological nutrient removal and minimization of sludge production

Integrated processes to reduce in situ the sludge production in wastewater treatment plants are gaining attention in order to facilitate excess sludge management. In contrast to post-treatments, such as anaerobic digestion which is placed between the activated sludge system and dewatering processes, integrated technologies are placed in the sludge return line. This study evaluates the application of an anoxic side-stream reactor (SSR) which creates a physiological shock and uncouples the biomass metabolism and diverts the activity from assimilation for biosynthesis to non-growth activities. The effect of this system in biological nutrient removal for both nitrogen and phosphorus was evaluated for the anaerobic, anoxic and aerobic reactors. The RedOx potential within the SSR was maintained at - 150 mV while the sludge loading rate was modified by increasing the percentage of recycled activated sludge feed to the SSR (0 and 40% at laboratory scale and 0, 10, 50 and 100% at pilot scale). The use of the SSR presented a slight reduction of phosphorus removal but maintained the effluent quality to the required discharge values. Nitrogen removal efficiency increased from 75 to 86% while reducing the sludge production rate by 18.3%

This research was financially supported by the Spanish Government (CSD2007-00055, CTQ2011-23632, CTQ2011-24114/PPQ, 033/RN08/03.2 and IPT-2011-1073-310000) and OHL Medio Ambiente, INIMA SAU

© Water Science and Technology, 2015, vol. 71, núm. 7, p. 1056-1064

IWA Publishing

Author: Coma Bech, Marta
Rovira, Salvador
Canals, J.
Colprim Galceran, Jesús
Date: 2015 January 1
Abstract: Integrated processes to reduce in situ the sludge production in wastewater treatment plants are gaining attention in order to facilitate excess sludge management. In contrast to post-treatments, such as anaerobic digestion which is placed between the activated sludge system and dewatering processes, integrated technologies are placed in the sludge return line. This study evaluates the application of an anoxic side-stream reactor (SSR) which creates a physiological shock and uncouples the biomass metabolism and diverts the activity from assimilation for biosynthesis to non-growth activities. The effect of this system in biological nutrient removal for both nitrogen and phosphorus was evaluated for the anaerobic, anoxic and aerobic reactors. The RedOx potential within the SSR was maintained at - 150 mV while the sludge loading rate was modified by increasing the percentage of recycled activated sludge feed to the SSR (0 and 40% at laboratory scale and 0, 10, 50 and 100% at pilot scale). The use of the SSR presented a slight reduction of phosphorus removal but maintained the effluent quality to the required discharge values. Nitrogen removal efficiency increased from 75 to 86% while reducing the sludge production rate by 18.3%
This research was financially supported by the Spanish Government (CSD2007-00055, CTQ2011-23632, CTQ2011-24114/PPQ, 033/RN08/03.2 and IPT-2011-1073-310000) and OHL Medio Ambiente, INIMA SAU
Format: application/pdf
ISSN: 0273-1223
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/10256/11584
Language: eng
Publisher: IWA Publishing
Collection: MEC/PN 2007-2013/CSD2007-00055
MICINN/PN 2012-2014/CTQ2011-23632
MICINN/PN 2012-2015/CTQ2011-24114
Reproducció digital del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/wst.2015.067
Articles publicats (D-EQATA)
Is part of: © Water Science and Technology, 2015, vol. 71, núm. 7, p. 1056-1064
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Subject: Aigües residuals -- Plantes de tractament
Sewage disposal plants
Aigües residuals -- Depuració -- Tractament biològic
Sewage -- Purification -- Biological treatment
Aigües residuals -- Depuració -- Desnitrificació
Sewage -- Purification -- Nitrogen removal
Title: Integrated side-stream reactor for biological nutrient removal and minimization of sludge production
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: DUGiDocs

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