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Current issues in late Middle Palaeolithic chronology: New assessments from Northern Iberia

The Iberian Peninsula plays a central role in the current debates on the Middle-Upper Palaeolithic transition and the Neanderthal extinction. This is largely due to the chronological data which some authors have suggested show a clear divide between Northern Iberia, where the Upper Palaeolithic appeared as early as 36.5 ka 14C BP, and Southern Iberia, where the Middle Palaeolithic survived until ca. 32-30 ka 14C BP or later. The best example of this view is the Ebro Frontier hypothesis. However, there are chronological data in both Northern and Southern Iberia that do not fit this pattern, and some of the evidence supporting the Ebro Frontier hypothesis has been questioned in recent years. This paper focuses on the chronology of the final Middle Palaeolithic of Northern Iberia, where several assemblages have been found to post-date the first Upper Palaeolithic in the region, and be of a similar age to the final Neanderthal occupations of the south. In order to improve the chronological framework of the Middle-Upper Palaeolithic boundary in the Northern Iberian Peninsula, a radiocarbon dating program is focused on sites from both the Cantabrian and Mediterranean regions. The first results of this program are presented in this paper. New radiocarbon dates have been measured by two laboratories using a range of pre-treatment methodologies. These do not support a late Middle Palaeolithic in Northern Iberia

This research project is financed by the ministerial projects (HUM2004-04679 and HAR2010-22013) and the Museo Arqueologico Regional de la Comunidad de Madrid

© Quaternary International, 2012, vol. 247, p. 15-25

Elsevier

Manager: Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (Espanya)
Author: Maroto, Julià
Vaquero, Manuel
Arrizabalaga, Álvaro
Baena, Javier
Baquedano, Enrique
Jordá, Jesús
Julià, Ramon
Montes, Ramón
Plicht, Johannes van der‏
Rasines, Pedro
Wood, Rachel
Date: 2012
Abstract: The Iberian Peninsula plays a central role in the current debates on the Middle-Upper Palaeolithic transition and the Neanderthal extinction. This is largely due to the chronological data which some authors have suggested show a clear divide between Northern Iberia, where the Upper Palaeolithic appeared as early as 36.5 ka 14C BP, and Southern Iberia, where the Middle Palaeolithic survived until ca. 32-30 ka 14C BP or later. The best example of this view is the Ebro Frontier hypothesis. However, there are chronological data in both Northern and Southern Iberia that do not fit this pattern, and some of the evidence supporting the Ebro Frontier hypothesis has been questioned in recent years. This paper focuses on the chronology of the final Middle Palaeolithic of Northern Iberia, where several assemblages have been found to post-date the first Upper Palaeolithic in the region, and be of a similar age to the final Neanderthal occupations of the south. In order to improve the chronological framework of the Middle-Upper Palaeolithic boundary in the Northern Iberian Peninsula, a radiocarbon dating program is focused on sites from both the Cantabrian and Mediterranean regions. The first results of this program are presented in this paper. New radiocarbon dates have been measured by two laboratories using a range of pre-treatment methodologies. These do not support a late Middle Palaeolithic in Northern Iberia
This research project is financed by the ministerial projects (HUM2004-04679 and HAR2010-22013) and the Museo Arqueologico Regional de la Comunidad de Madrid
Format: application/pdf
Citation: 016661
ISSN: 1040-6182
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/10256/11776
Language: eng
Publisher: Elsevier
Collection: MICINN/PN 2011-2013/HAR2010-22013
Reproducció digital del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2011.07.007
Articles publicats (D-H)
Is part of: © Quaternary International, 2012, vol. 247, p. 15-25
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Subject: Radiocarboni, Mètode del
Radiocarbon dating
Paleolític mitjà
Middle Palaeolithic
Paleolític superior
Upper Palaeolithic
Arqueologia -- Datació
Archaeological dating
Title: Current issues in late Middle Palaeolithic chronology: New assessments from Northern Iberia
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: DUGiDocs

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