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Global and diffuse solar radiation in Spain: Building a homogeneous dataset and assessing their trends

There is a growing interest in the study of decadal variations in surface solar radiation during the last decades, although the analyses of long-term time series in some areas with major gaps in observations, such as in Spain, are still pending. This work describes for the first time the development of a new dataset of surface solar radiation in Spain based on the longest series with records of global solar radiation (G), most of them starting in the early 1980s. Additional records of diffuse solar radiation (D), which is a component of G much less studied due to the general scarcity of long-term series, are available for some of these series. Particular emphasis is placed upon the homogenization of this dataset in order to ensure the reliability of the trends, which can be affected by non-natural factors such as relocations or changes of instruments. The mean annual G series over Spain shows a tendency to increase during the 1985-2010 period, with a significant linear trend of +3.9Wm-2 per decade. Similar significant increases are observed in the mean seasonal series, with the highest rate of change during summer (+6.5Wm-2 per decade) and secondly in autumn (+4.1Wm-2 per decade) and spring (+3.2Wm-2 per decade). These results are in line with the widespread increase of G, also known as brightening period, reported at many worldwide observation sites. Furthermore, the annual mean D series starts without relevant variations during the second half of the 1980s, but it is disturbed by a strong increase in 1991 and 1992, which might reflect the signal of the Pinatubo volcanic eruption. Afterwards, the mean series shows a tendency to decrease up to the mid-2000s, with a significant linear trend of -2.1Wm-2 per decade during the 1985-2010 period. All these results point towards a diminution of clouds and/or aerosols over the area

This research was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation project NUCLIERSOL (CGL2010-18546). The first author was supported by a postdoctoral fellowship from the "Comissionat per a Universitats i Recerca del Departament d鈥橧nnovacio, Universitats i Empresa de la Generalitat de Catalunya" (2009 BP-A 00035). We thank the Spanish Agencia Estatal de Meteorologia (AEMET) for providing the surface solar radiation data, as well as to the staff of its main library in Madrid to facilitate the access to the documentation needed to obtain information about the observations of surface solar radiation that were not available in digital format. We also thank Prof. J. M. Vaquero and Jose Antonio Guijarro for their advice regarding historical records of solar radiation in Spain, and Prof. J. Lorente and J.M Baldasano for providing radiation data for Barcelona, which unfortunately could not be used in the present study

漏 Global and Planetary Change, 2013, vol. 100, p. 343-352

Elsevier

Author: S谩nchez Lorenzo, Arturo
Calb贸 Angrill, Josep
Wild, Martin
Date: 2013
Abstract: There is a growing interest in the study of decadal variations in surface solar radiation during the last decades, although the analyses of long-term time series in some areas with major gaps in observations, such as in Spain, are still pending. This work describes for the first time the development of a new dataset of surface solar radiation in Spain based on the longest series with records of global solar radiation (G), most of them starting in the early 1980s. Additional records of diffuse solar radiation (D), which is a component of G much less studied due to the general scarcity of long-term series, are available for some of these series. Particular emphasis is placed upon the homogenization of this dataset in order to ensure the reliability of the trends, which can be affected by non-natural factors such as relocations or changes of instruments. The mean annual G series over Spain shows a tendency to increase during the 1985-2010 period, with a significant linear trend of +3.9Wm-2 per decade. Similar significant increases are observed in the mean seasonal series, with the highest rate of change during summer (+6.5Wm-2 per decade) and secondly in autumn (+4.1Wm-2 per decade) and spring (+3.2Wm-2 per decade). These results are in line with the widespread increase of G, also known as brightening period, reported at many worldwide observation sites. Furthermore, the annual mean D series starts without relevant variations during the second half of the 1980s, but it is disturbed by a strong increase in 1991 and 1992, which might reflect the signal of the Pinatubo volcanic eruption. Afterwards, the mean series shows a tendency to decrease up to the mid-2000s, with a significant linear trend of -2.1Wm-2 per decade during the 1985-2010 period. All these results point towards a diminution of clouds and/or aerosols over the area
This research was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation project NUCLIERSOL (CGL2010-18546). The first author was supported by a postdoctoral fellowship from the "Comissionat per a Universitats i Recerca del Departament d鈥橧nnovacio, Universitats i Empresa de la Generalitat de Catalunya" (2009 BP-A 00035). We thank the Spanish Agencia Estatal de Meteorologia (AEMET) for providing the surface solar radiation data, as well as to the staff of its main library in Madrid to facilitate the access to the documentation needed to obtain information about the observations of surface solar radiation that were not available in digital format. We also thank Prof. J. M. Vaquero and Jose Antonio Guijarro for their advice regarding historical records of solar radiation in Spain, and Prof. J. Lorente and J.M Baldasano for providing radiation data for Barcelona, which unfortunately could not be used in the present study
Format: application/pdf
ISSN: 0921-8181
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/10256/11932
Language: eng
Publisher: Elsevier
Collection: MICINN/PN 2011-2014/CGL2010-18546
Reproducci贸 digital del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2012.11.010
Articles publicats (D-F)
Is part of: 漏 Global and Planetary Change, 2013, vol. 100, p. 343-352
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Subject: Radiaci贸 solar -- Espanya
Solar radiation -- Spain
Canvis clim脿tics -- Espanya
Climatic changes -- Spain
Title: Global and diffuse solar radiation in Spain: Building a homogeneous dataset and assessing their trends
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: DUGiDocs

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