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Design, Preparation, and Characterization of Zn and Cu Metallopeptides Based On Tetradentate Aminopyridine Ligands Showing Enhanced DNA Cleavage Activity

The conjugation of redox-active complexes that can function as chemical nucleases to cationic tetrapeptides is pursued in this work in order to explore the expected synergistic effect between these two elements in DNA oxidative cleavage. Coordination complexes of biologically relevant first row metal ions, such as Zn(II) or Cu(II), containing the tetradentate ligands 1,4-dimethyl-7-(2-pyridylmethyl)-1,4,7-triazacyclononane (Me2PyTACN) and (2S,2S′)-1,1′-bis(pyrid-2-ylmethyl)-2,2′-bipyrrolidine ((S,S′)-BPBP) have been linked to a cationic LKKL tetrapeptide sequence. Solid-phase synthesis of the peptide-tetradentate ligand conjugates has been developed, and the preparation and characterization of the corresponding metallotetrapeptides is described. The DNA cleavage activity of Cu and Zn metallopeptides has been evaluated and compared to their metal binding conjugates as well as to the parent complexes and ligands. Very interestingly, the oxidative Cu metallopeptides 1Cu and 2Cu show an enhanced activity compared to the parent complexes, [Cu(PyTACN)]2+ and [Cu(BPBP)]2+, respectively. Under optimized conditions, 1Cu displays an apparent pseudo first-order rate constant (kobs) of ∼0.16 min-1 with a supercoiled DNA half-life time (t1/2) of ∼4.3 min. On the other hand, kobs for 2Cu has been found to be ∼0.11 min-1 with t1/2 ≈ 6.4 min. Hence, these results point out that the DNA cleavage activities promoted by the metallopeptides 1Cu and 2Cu render ∼4-fold and ∼23 rate accelerations in comparison with their parent Cu complexes. Additional binding assays and mechanistic studies demonstrate that the enhanced cleavage activities are explained by the presence of the cationic LKKL tetrapeptide sequence, which induces an improved binding affinity to the DNA, thus bringing the metal ion, which is responsible for cleavage, in close proximity

This work was supported by Consolider Ingenio CSD/CSD2010-00065 from MICINN of Spain. We also thank the Catalan DIUE of the Generalitat de Catalunya (2014 SGR 862). X.R. thanks financial support from INNPLANTA project INP-2011-0059-PCT-420000-ACT1. M.C. and X.R. thank ICREA Acadèmia Awards. We also acknowledge the Serveis Tècnics de Recerca of the University of Girona for technical support. J.M. and V.B thank the Czech Science Foundation (Grants P205/11/0856 and 14-21053S). J.M. and V.B. also acknowledge that their participation in the EU COST Action CM1105 enabled them to exchange regularly the most recent ideas in the field of platinum anticancer drugs with several European colleagues

American Chemical Society (ACS)

Manager: Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (Espanya)
Generalitat de Catalunya. Agència de Gestió d’Ajuts Universitaris i de Recerca
Author: Soler Vives, Marta
Figueras, Eduard
Serrano Plana, Joan
González-Bártulos, Marta
Massaguer i Vall-llovera, Anna
Company Casadevall, Anna
Martínez Lorente, Mª Ángeles
Malina, Jaroslav
Brabec, Viktor
Feliu Soley, Lídia
Planas i Grabuleda, Marta
Ribas Salamaña, Xavi
Costas Salgueiro, Miquel
Date: 2015
Abstract: The conjugation of redox-active complexes that can function as chemical nucleases to cationic tetrapeptides is pursued in this work in order to explore the expected synergistic effect between these two elements in DNA oxidative cleavage. Coordination complexes of biologically relevant first row metal ions, such as Zn(II) or Cu(II), containing the tetradentate ligands 1,4-dimethyl-7-(2-pyridylmethyl)-1,4,7-triazacyclononane (Me2PyTACN) and (2S,2S′)-1,1′-bis(pyrid-2-ylmethyl)-2,2′-bipyrrolidine ((S,S′)-BPBP) have been linked to a cationic LKKL tetrapeptide sequence. Solid-phase synthesis of the peptide-tetradentate ligand conjugates has been developed, and the preparation and characterization of the corresponding metallotetrapeptides is described. The DNA cleavage activity of Cu and Zn metallopeptides has been evaluated and compared to their metal binding conjugates as well as to the parent complexes and ligands. Very interestingly, the oxidative Cu metallopeptides 1Cu and 2Cu show an enhanced activity compared to the parent complexes, [Cu(PyTACN)]2+ and [Cu(BPBP)]2+, respectively. Under optimized conditions, 1Cu displays an apparent pseudo first-order rate constant (kobs) of ∼0.16 min-1 with a supercoiled DNA half-life time (t1/2) of ∼4.3 min. On the other hand, kobs for 2Cu has been found to be ∼0.11 min-1 with t1/2 ≈ 6.4 min. Hence, these results point out that the DNA cleavage activities promoted by the metallopeptides 1Cu and 2Cu render ∼4-fold and ∼23 rate accelerations in comparison with their parent Cu complexes. Additional binding assays and mechanistic studies demonstrate that the enhanced cleavage activities are explained by the presence of the cationic LKKL tetrapeptide sequence, which induces an improved binding affinity to the DNA, thus bringing the metal ion, which is responsible for cleavage, in close proximity
This work was supported by Consolider Ingenio CSD/CSD2010-00065 from MICINN of Spain. We also thank the Catalan DIUE of the Generalitat de Catalunya (2014 SGR 862). X.R. thanks financial support from INNPLANTA project INP-2011-0059-PCT-420000-ACT1. M.C. and X.R. thank ICREA Acadèmia Awards. We also acknowledge the Serveis Tècnics de Recerca of the University of Girona for technical support. J.M. and V.B thank the Czech Science Foundation (Grants P205/11/0856 and 14-21053S). J.M. and V.B. also acknowledge that their participation in the EU COST Action CM1105 enabled them to exchange regularly the most recent ideas in the field of platinum anticancer drugs with several European colleagues
Format: application/pdf
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/10256/12034
Language: eng
Publisher: American Chemical Society (ACS)
Collection: info:eu-repo/semantics/altIdentifier/doi/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b01680
info:eu-repo/semantics/altIdentifier/issn/0020-1669
info:eu-repo/semantics/altIdentifier/eissn/1520-510X
MICINN/PN 2010-2016/CSD2010-00065
AGAUR/2014-2016/2014 SGR-862
MICINN/PN 2011/INP-2011-0059-PCT-420000
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Subject: Metalopèptids
Metallopeptides
Química inorgànica
Chemistry, Inorganic
Title: Design, Preparation, and Characterization of Zn and Cu Metallopeptides Based On Tetradentate Aminopyridine Ligands Showing Enhanced DNA Cleavage Activity
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: DUGiDocs

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