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Developmental morphology of Sarcodia montagneana and S. grandifolia from New Zealand and a phylogeny of Sarcodia (Sarcodiaceae, Rhodophyta) based on rbcL sequence analysis

Despite its widespread distribution in the Indo-West Pacific Ocean, Sarcodia is one of the least understood genera among the red algae. Samples investigated from different parts of the Indo-West Pacific Ocean were well separated phylogenetically, based on rbcL base pair distances, and probably represent separate species. In this report we investigate the developmental morphology of two species from New Zealand: the type species, Sarcodia montagneana, and S. grandifolia (including S. ‘flabellata’). Molecular studies indicate that S. montagneana is restricted to the north-eastern part of the North Island and that S. grandifolia occurs from Wellington southwards as far as the Snares Islands. Thalli are multiaxial and consist of three primary layers: a surface layer of uninucleate cells, a cortex of five or six layers of polygonal multinucleate cells, and a medulla of multinucleate stellate cells. Secondary rhizoidal filaments are frequent to abundant in the medulla. Spermatangia occur in chains and release spermatia through a pore. The female reproductive system is procarpic and consists of a supporting cell that bears two side branches and a one-celled terminal carpogonium. The auxiliary cell is the basal cell of one of the side branches and is undifferentiated prior to fertilization. After presumed fertilization, the carpogonium separates into a terminal cell and a subterminal hypogynous cell that fuses with the auxiliary cell and deposits in it a single nucleus. The auxiliary cell cuts off a gonimoblast initial obliquely that first forms a short linear chain of gonimoblast cells. Cystocarp formation proceeds rapidly with the outward development of linear files derived from surface cells that differentiate into a terminal ostiole and inner and outer pericarp layers separated by a central cavity. The mature gonimoblasts consist of an inner gonimoblast reticulum of laterally fused cells that attach secondarily to outer cells of the inner pericarp and outer gonimoblast filaments that terminate in short chains of carposporangia. Tetrasporangia are zonately divided and are scattered over the thallus surface with new initials formed continuously. The morphological and molecular observations reported here contrast sharply with those of previous studies and are largely new to the Sarcodia literature

This project was supported by two grants from the Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology (CGL2004-05556-C02-01 and CGL2008-00932); by grants from Taiwan’s National Science Council (NSC 99-2621-B-019-003-MY3) and NTOU’s Center of Excellence for Marine Bioenvironment and Biotechnology (99529001 G) to S.-M. Lin; by Foundation for Research Science & Technology contract C01X0502 (New Zealand) grant to W.A. Nelson, and by NSF grant DEB0937978 to J.M. Lopez Bautista, M.H. Hommersand and S. Fredericq

© European Journal of Phycology, 2011, vol. 46, núm. 2, p. 153-170

Taylor and Francis

Author: Rodríguez Prieto, Concepció
Lin, Showe-Mei
Nelson, Wendy A.
Hommersand, Max H.
Date: 2011
Abstract: Despite its widespread distribution in the Indo-West Pacific Ocean, Sarcodia is one of the least understood genera among the red algae. Samples investigated from different parts of the Indo-West Pacific Ocean were well separated phylogenetically, based on rbcL base pair distances, and probably represent separate species. In this report we investigate the developmental morphology of two species from New Zealand: the type species, Sarcodia montagneana, and S. grandifolia (including S. ‘flabellata’). Molecular studies indicate that S. montagneana is restricted to the north-eastern part of the North Island and that S. grandifolia occurs from Wellington southwards as far as the Snares Islands. Thalli are multiaxial and consist of three primary layers: a surface layer of uninucleate cells, a cortex of five or six layers of polygonal multinucleate cells, and a medulla of multinucleate stellate cells. Secondary rhizoidal filaments are frequent to abundant in the medulla. Spermatangia occur in chains and release spermatia through a pore. The female reproductive system is procarpic and consists of a supporting cell that bears two side branches and a one-celled terminal carpogonium. The auxiliary cell is the basal cell of one of the side branches and is undifferentiated prior to fertilization. After presumed fertilization, the carpogonium separates into a terminal cell and a subterminal hypogynous cell that fuses with the auxiliary cell and deposits in it a single nucleus. The auxiliary cell cuts off a gonimoblast initial obliquely that first forms a short linear chain of gonimoblast cells. Cystocarp formation proceeds rapidly with the outward development of linear files derived from surface cells that differentiate into a terminal ostiole and inner and outer pericarp layers separated by a central cavity. The mature gonimoblasts consist of an inner gonimoblast reticulum of laterally fused cells that attach secondarily to outer cells of the inner pericarp and outer gonimoblast filaments that terminate in short chains of carposporangia. Tetrasporangia are zonately divided and are scattered over the thallus surface with new initials formed continuously. The morphological and molecular observations reported here contrast sharply with those of previous studies and are largely new to the Sarcodia literature
This project was supported by two grants from the Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology (CGL2004-05556-C02-01 and CGL2008-00932); by grants from Taiwan’s National Science Council (NSC 99-2621-B-019-003-MY3) and NTOU’s Center of Excellence for Marine Bioenvironment and Biotechnology (99529001 G) to S.-M. Lin; by Foundation for Research Science & Technology contract C01X0502 (New Zealand) grant to W.A. Nelson, and by NSF grant DEB0937978 to J.M. Lopez Bautista, M.H. Hommersand and S. Fredericq
Format: application/pdf
ISSN: 0967-0262 (versió paper)
1469-4433 (versió electrònica)
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/10256/12301
Language: eng
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
Collection: MICYT/PN 2004-2007/CGL2004-05556-C02-01
MEC/PN 2009-2011/CGL2008-00932
Reproducció digital del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09670262.2011.580198
Articles publicats (D-CCAA)
Is part of: © European Journal of Phycology, 2011, vol. 46, núm. 2, p. 153-170
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Subject: Algues vermelles -- Classificació
Red algae -- Classification
Algues vermelles -- Morfologia
Red algae -- Morphology
Algues vermelles -- Filogènia
Red algae -- Phylogeny
Algues vermelles -- Pacífic, Oceà
Red algae -- Pacific Ocean
Title: Developmental morphology of Sarcodia montagneana and S. grandifolia from New Zealand and a phylogeny of Sarcodia (Sarcodiaceae, Rhodophyta) based on rbcL sequence analysis
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: DUGiDocs

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