Item


Effects of the Financial Crisis on Psychotropic Drug Consumption in a Cohort from a Semi- Urban Region in Catalonia, Spain

Purpose Evidence of whether the recent economic crisis has or has not had an effect on psychotropic drug consumption is very scarce. Our objective was to determine if there had in fact been an increase in psychotropic drug use as a result of the financial crisis. Methods In our study a retrospective cohort (between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2012) was made up of individuals from the general population in a region in the northeast of Catalonia, Spain. We specified a generalized linear mixed model along with combined ‘selection on observables’ as (propensity scoring) matching and ‘selection on unobservables’ as (random coefficient) the panel data model methods, and performed inferences using a Bayesian framework. Results In the period following the economic crisis (post 2009), there was an increase in the consumption of psychotropic drugs which was significantly higher among those who had already been consuming psychotropic drugs prior to 2009 and those most likely to be unemployed. The increase was of greater significance when consumption was measured by the number of drugs being taken, rather than by the defined daily dose (DDD), with the greatest increase occurring in 2011; the very year in which Spain was most affected by the crisis. Conclusions Once the financial crisis had ended, there was an increase in the severity, rather than the intensity, of mental health disorders in individuals who had already had disorders before the crisis. This increase occurred in those most likely to be unemployed, and the severity was accentuated in the toughest year of the economic crisis

PLoS One, 2016, vol. 11, núm. 2, p. e0148594

Public Library of Science (PLoS)

Author: Barceló Rado, María Antonia
Coll-Negre, Montserrat
Coll de Tuero, Gabriel
Sáez Zafra, Marc
Date: 2016
Abstract: Purpose Evidence of whether the recent economic crisis has or has not had an effect on psychotropic drug consumption is very scarce. Our objective was to determine if there had in fact been an increase in psychotropic drug use as a result of the financial crisis. Methods In our study a retrospective cohort (between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2012) was made up of individuals from the general population in a region in the northeast of Catalonia, Spain. We specified a generalized linear mixed model along with combined ‘selection on observables’ as (propensity scoring) matching and ‘selection on unobservables’ as (random coefficient) the panel data model methods, and performed inferences using a Bayesian framework. Results In the period following the economic crisis (post 2009), there was an increase in the consumption of psychotropic drugs which was significantly higher among those who had already been consuming psychotropic drugs prior to 2009 and those most likely to be unemployed. The increase was of greater significance when consumption was measured by the number of drugs being taken, rather than by the defined daily dose (DDD), with the greatest increase occurring in 2011; the very year in which Spain was most affected by the crisis. Conclusions Once the financial crisis had ended, there was an increase in the severity, rather than the intensity, of mental health disorders in individuals who had already had disorders before the crisis. This increase occurred in those most likely to be unemployed, and the severity was accentuated in the toughest year of the economic crisis
Format: application/pdf
ISSN: 1932-6203
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/10256/12452
Language: eng
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Collection: Reproducció digital del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0148594
Articles publicats (D-EC)
Is part of: PLoS One, 2016, vol. 11, núm. 2, p. e0148594
Rights: Attribution 3.0 Spain
Rights URI: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
Subject: Psicofàrmacs
Psychotropic drugs
Title: Effects of the Financial Crisis on Psychotropic Drug Consumption in a Cohort from a Semi- Urban Region in Catalonia, Spain
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: DUGiDocs

Subjects

Authors