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Nitritation versus full nitrification of ammonium-rich wastewater: Comparison in terms of nitrous and nitric oxides emissions

The processes of nitritation and full nitrification of synthetic reject wastewater were compared in terms of N2O and NO emissions. Two lab-scale sequencing batch reactors (SBR1 and SBR2) were enriched with Nitrosomonas (ammonia-oxidizing bacteria) and Nitrobacter (nitrite-oxidizing bacteria), as shown by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and high-resolution 16S rRNA tag pyrosequencing. Stable conversion of ammonium to nitrite and nitrite to nitrate was achieved in SBR1 and SBR2 respectively. Biomass from SBR2 was added in SBR1 in order to achieve full nitrification. Under nitritation, 1.22% of the converted-N was emitted as N2O, and 0.066% as NO. During the transition from nitritation to full nitrification, effluent nitrite concentrations decreased but nitrogen oxides were emitted at levels similar to the nitritation period. Gas emissions decreased sharply under full nitrification conditions (0.54% N2O-N/converted-N; 0.021% NO-N/converted-N), probably as a result of the combined effect of lower nitrite and ammonium concentrations in the bioreactor

This study was funded by the Spanish Government, Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (project CTM 2011-27163) and the European Commission FP7-PEOPLE-2011-CIG 303946 project. M. Pijuan and J.L. Balcázar acknowledge their Ramon y Cajal research fellowships (RYC-2009-04959 and RYC-2011-08154 respectively) and A. Ribera acknowledges her PhD scholarship grant (BES- 2012-052753), all provided by the Spanish Government.

© Bioresource Technology, 2013, vol. 139, p. 195-202

Elsevier

Author: Rodríguez-Caballero, Adrián
Ribera-Guardia, Anna
Balcázar, José Luis
Pijuan i Vilalta, Maite
Date: 2013 April 13
Abstract: The processes of nitritation and full nitrification of synthetic reject wastewater were compared in terms of N2O and NO emissions. Two lab-scale sequencing batch reactors (SBR1 and SBR2) were enriched with Nitrosomonas (ammonia-oxidizing bacteria) and Nitrobacter (nitrite-oxidizing bacteria), as shown by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and high-resolution 16S rRNA tag pyrosequencing. Stable conversion of ammonium to nitrite and nitrite to nitrate was achieved in SBR1 and SBR2 respectively. Biomass from SBR2 was added in SBR1 in order to achieve full nitrification. Under nitritation, 1.22% of the converted-N was emitted as N2O, and 0.066% as NO. During the transition from nitritation to full nitrification, effluent nitrite concentrations decreased but nitrogen oxides were emitted at levels similar to the nitritation period. Gas emissions decreased sharply under full nitrification conditions (0.54% N2O-N/converted-N; 0.021% NO-N/converted-N), probably as a result of the combined effect of lower nitrite and ammonium concentrations in the bioreactor
This study was funded by the Spanish Government, Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (project CTM 2011-27163) and the European Commission FP7-PEOPLE-2011-CIG 303946 project. M. Pijuan and J.L. Balcázar acknowledge their Ramon y Cajal research fellowships (RYC-2009-04959 and RYC-2011-08154 respectively) and A. Ribera acknowledges her PhD scholarship grant (BES- 2012-052753), all provided by the Spanish Government.
Format: application/pdf
ISSN: 0960-8524
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/10256/12575
Language: eng
Publisher: Elsevier
Collection: MINECO/PN 2011-2014/CTM2011-27163
MICINN/PN 2009/RYC-2009-04959
MICINN/PN 2011/RYC-2011-08154
Reproducció digital del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2013.04.021
Articles publicats (ICRA)
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/303946
Is part of: © Bioresource Technology, 2013, vol. 139, p. 195-202
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Subject: Nitrificació
Nitrification
Aigües residuals -- Anàlisi
Sewage -- nalysis
Bioreactors
Title: Nitritation versus full nitrification of ammonium-rich wastewater: Comparison in terms of nitrous and nitric oxides emissions
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: DUGiDocs

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