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Risk assessment based prioritization of 200 organic micropollutants in 4 Iberian rivers

The use of chemicals is continuously growing both in total amount as well as in a number of different substances, among which organic chemicals play a major role. Owing to the growing public awareness on the need of protecting both ecosystems and human health from the risks related to chemical pollution, an increasing attention has been drowned to risk assessment and prioritization of organic pollutants. In this context, the aims of this study were (a) to perform an environmental risk assessment for 200 organic micropollutants including both regulated and emerging contaminants (pesticides, alkylphenols, pharmaceuticals, hormones, personal care products, perflourinated compounds and various industrial organic chemicals) monitored in four rivers located in the Mediterranean side of the Iberian Peninsula, namely, the Ebro, Llobregat, Júcar and Guadalquivir rivers; and (b) to prioritize them for each of the four river basins studied, taking into account their observed concentration levels together with their ecotoxicological potential. For this purpose, a prioritization approach has been developed and a resulting ranking index (RI) associated with each compound. Ranking index is based on the measured concentrations of the chemical in each river and its ecotoxicological potential (EC50 values for algae, Daphnia sp. and fish). Ten compounds were identified as most important for the studied rivers: pesticides chlorpyriphos, chlorfenvinphos, diazinon, dichlofenthion, prochloraz, ethion carbofuran and diuron and the industrial organic chemicals nonylphenol and octylphenol that result from the biodegration of polyethoxylated alkyphenol surfactants. Also, further research into chronic toxicity of emerging contaminants is advocated

Thisworkwas funded by the SpanishMinistry of Economy and Competitiveness project Consolider-Ingenio 2010 SCARCE CSD2009-00065 and by the Generalitat de Catalunya (Consolidated Research Groups “2014 SGR 418–Water and Soil Quality Unit” and 2014 SGR 291–ICRA)

© Science of the Total Environment, 2015, vol. 503-504, p. 289-299

Elsevier

Author: Kuzmanović, Maja
Ginebreda, Antoni
Petrović, Mira
Barceló i Cullerés, Damià
Date: 2015 January 15
Abstract: The use of chemicals is continuously growing both in total amount as well as in a number of different substances, among which organic chemicals play a major role. Owing to the growing public awareness on the need of protecting both ecosystems and human health from the risks related to chemical pollution, an increasing attention has been drowned to risk assessment and prioritization of organic pollutants. In this context, the aims of this study were (a) to perform an environmental risk assessment for 200 organic micropollutants including both regulated and emerging contaminants (pesticides, alkylphenols, pharmaceuticals, hormones, personal care products, perflourinated compounds and various industrial organic chemicals) monitored in four rivers located in the Mediterranean side of the Iberian Peninsula, namely, the Ebro, Llobregat, Júcar and Guadalquivir rivers; and (b) to prioritize them for each of the four river basins studied, taking into account their observed concentration levels together with their ecotoxicological potential. For this purpose, a prioritization approach has been developed and a resulting ranking index (RI) associated with each compound. Ranking index is based on the measured concentrations of the chemical in each river and its ecotoxicological potential (EC50 values for algae, Daphnia sp. and fish). Ten compounds were identified as most important for the studied rivers: pesticides chlorpyriphos, chlorfenvinphos, diazinon, dichlofenthion, prochloraz, ethion carbofuran and diuron and the industrial organic chemicals nonylphenol and octylphenol that result from the biodegration of polyethoxylated alkyphenol surfactants. Also, further research into chronic toxicity of emerging contaminants is advocated
Thisworkwas funded by the SpanishMinistry of Economy and Competitiveness project Consolider-Ingenio 2010 SCARCE CSD2009-00065 and by the Generalitat de Catalunya (Consolidated Research Groups “2014 SGR 418–Water and Soil Quality Unit” and 2014 SGR 291–ICRA)
Format: application/pdf
ISSN: 0048-9697
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/10256/12590
Language: eng
Publisher: Elsevier
Collection: MICINN/PN 2009-2014/CSD2009-00065
Reproducció digital del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.06.056
Articles publicats (ICRA)
Is part of: © Science of the Total Environment, 2015, vol. 503-504, p. 289-299
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Subject: Medi ambient -- Anàlisi d’impacte
Environmental impact analysis
Contaminants emergents en l’aigua
Emerging contaminants in water
Aigua -- Contaminació
Water -- Pollution
Compostos orgànics -- Aspectes ambientals
Organic compounds -- Environmental aspects
Title: Risk assessment based prioritization of 200 organic micropollutants in 4 Iberian rivers
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: DUGiDocs

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