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Ecotoxicological risk assessment of chemical pollution in four Iberian river basins and its relationship with the aquatic macroinvertebrate community status

Ecotoxicological risk assessment of chemical pollution in four Iberian river basins (Llobregat, Ebro, Júcar and Guadalquivir) was performed. The data set included more than 200 emerging and priority compounds measured at 77 sampling sites along four river basins studied. The toxic units (TU) approach was used to assess the risk of individual compounds and the concentration addition model (CA) to assess the site specific risk. Link between chemical pollution and aquatic macroinvertebrate communities in situ was examined by using four biological indexes; SPEAR ("Species at Risk Index") as the indicator of decline of sensitive species in relation to general organic (SPEARorganic) and pesticides (SPEARpesticides) pollution; and Shannon and Margalef biodiversity indexes. The results of the study suggested that organic chemicals posed the risk of acute effects at 42% of the sampling sites and the risk of chronic effects at all the sites. Metals posed the acute risk at 44% of the sites. The main drivers of the risk were mainly pesticides and metals. However, several emerging contaminants (e.g. the antidepressant drug sertraline and the disinfectant triclosan) were contributing to the chronic effects risk. When risk associated with metals and organic chemicals was compared, the latter dominated in 2010, mainly due to the presence of highly toxic pesticides, while metals did in 2011. Compounds that are not regulated on the European level were posing the risk of chronic effects at 23% of the sites. The decline of sensitive macroinvertebrate taxa expressed in terms of SPEAR index was correlated with the increase of toxic stress related to organic compounds Biodiversity indexes were negatively correlated with the metals and the urban land use type in the catchment

This study has been financially supported by the EU through the FP7 project GLOBAQUA (Grant Agreement No. 603629), by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness [project Consolider-Ingenio 2010 SCARCE CSD2009-00065] and by the Generalitat de Catalunya (Consolidated Research Groups: 2014 SGR 418 – Water and Soil Quality Unit and 2014 SGR 291-ICRA)

Science of the Total Environment, 2015, vol. 540, p. 324-333

Elsevier

Author: Kuzmanović, Maja
López-Doval, Julio C.
Castro-Català, Núria de
Guasch i Padró, Helena
Petrović, Mira
Muñoz Gràcia, Isabel
Ginebreda, Antoni
Barceló i Cullerés, Damià
Date: 2015 May 1
Abstract: Ecotoxicological risk assessment of chemical pollution in four Iberian river basins (Llobregat, Ebro, Júcar and Guadalquivir) was performed. The data set included more than 200 emerging and priority compounds measured at 77 sampling sites along four river basins studied. The toxic units (TU) approach was used to assess the risk of individual compounds and the concentration addition model (CA) to assess the site specific risk. Link between chemical pollution and aquatic macroinvertebrate communities in situ was examined by using four biological indexes; SPEAR ("Species at Risk Index") as the indicator of decline of sensitive species in relation to general organic (SPEARorganic) and pesticides (SPEARpesticides) pollution; and Shannon and Margalef biodiversity indexes. The results of the study suggested that organic chemicals posed the risk of acute effects at 42% of the sampling sites and the risk of chronic effects at all the sites. Metals posed the acute risk at 44% of the sites. The main drivers of the risk were mainly pesticides and metals. However, several emerging contaminants (e.g. the antidepressant drug sertraline and the disinfectant triclosan) were contributing to the chronic effects risk. When risk associated with metals and organic chemicals was compared, the latter dominated in 2010, mainly due to the presence of highly toxic pesticides, while metals did in 2011. Compounds that are not regulated on the European level were posing the risk of chronic effects at 23% of the sites. The decline of sensitive macroinvertebrate taxa expressed in terms of SPEAR index was correlated with the increase of toxic stress related to organic compounds Biodiversity indexes were negatively correlated with the metals and the urban land use type in the catchment
This study has been financially supported by the EU through the FP7 project GLOBAQUA (Grant Agreement No. 603629), by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness [project Consolider-Ingenio 2010 SCARCE CSD2009-00065] and by the Generalitat de Catalunya (Consolidated Research Groups: 2014 SGR 418 – Water and Soil Quality Unit and 2014 SGR 291-ICRA)
Format: application/pdf
ISSN: 0048-9697
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/10256/12599
Language: eng
Publisher: Elsevier
Collection: MICINN/PN 2009-2014/CSD2009-00065
Reproducció digital del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.06.112
Articles publicats (D-CCAA)
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/603629
Is part of: Science of the Total Environment, 2015, vol. 540, p. 324-333
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain
Rights URI: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
Subject: Toxicologia ambiental
Environmental toxicology
Sediments fluvials -- Aspectes ambientals
River sediments -- Environmental aspects
Contaminants emergents en l’aigua
Emerging contaminants in water
Title: Ecotoxicological risk assessment of chemical pollution in four Iberian river basins and its relationship with the aquatic macroinvertebrate community status
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: DUGiDocs

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