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Influence of regional hydrogeological systems at a local scale: analyzing the coupled effects of hydrochemistry and biological activity in a Fe and CO2 rich spring

A multidisciplinary approach was used in this study to determine the origin of a Fe and CO2 rich spring, an extreme freshwater system and to evaluate the coupled effects of hydrochemistry and biological activity at a local scale. An electrical resistivity tomography survey was conducted to delineate the geological context in which water emerges from a Plio-Quaternary supracrustal fault zone, and a bulk resistivity decrease was detected when CO2 rich groundwater occurred. Nine water samples, together with eight biofilm samples, and three sediment samples were taken along the spring canal for their analysis. Major ions, nutrients, and metals were analysed in water samples. Sediment analyses determined the main solid phases precipitated (mainly as CaCO3 and Fe(OH)3(a)). Biofilm analyses permitted to obtain biovolume per cell measures, total biovolume values, diatom density, chlorophyll a concentrations, and the Margalef Index values. Inverse modeling and batch reaction models were used to determine the physicochemical processes affecting the spring water, obtaining the total amount of CaCO3/L formed; the Fe and Mn compounds, which mainly precipitated as Fe(OH)3(a) and Mn(OH)2; as well as the total CO2 released to the atmosphere. Analyzing these results together with the patterns of variation of hydrochemical and biological parameters, different interactions were observed: a) the effects of Fe inhibition in travertine formation, even though when the highest CO2 release was occurring; b) the fate and effects of chemicals limiting and/or inhibiting algal growth (mainly Fe, As and phosphate); c) the lack of coincidence between algal growth and tufa limestone precipitation; d) the relationship between some divalent metals (Mn and Co) and biotic activity

This study has been funded by the projects MEC CGL-2014-57215-C4-2R and CGL2013-43822-R of the Spanish Government, and by the projects MPCUdG2016/061 and MPCUdG2016/120 of the University of Girona

© Science of the Total Environment, 2016, vol. 569-570, p. 700-715

Elsevier

Author: Menció i Domingo, Anna
Guasch i Padró, Helena
Soler i Hernàndez, David
Canelles Garcia, Arnau
Zamorano Cáceres, Manel
Brusi i Belmonte, David
Date: 2016 November 1
Abstract: A multidisciplinary approach was used in this study to determine the origin of a Fe and CO2 rich spring, an extreme freshwater system and to evaluate the coupled effects of hydrochemistry and biological activity at a local scale. An electrical resistivity tomography survey was conducted to delineate the geological context in which water emerges from a Plio-Quaternary supracrustal fault zone, and a bulk resistivity decrease was detected when CO2 rich groundwater occurred. Nine water samples, together with eight biofilm samples, and three sediment samples were taken along the spring canal for their analysis. Major ions, nutrients, and metals were analysed in water samples. Sediment analyses determined the main solid phases precipitated (mainly as CaCO3 and Fe(OH)3(a)). Biofilm analyses permitted to obtain biovolume per cell measures, total biovolume values, diatom density, chlorophyll a concentrations, and the Margalef Index values. Inverse modeling and batch reaction models were used to determine the physicochemical processes affecting the spring water, obtaining the total amount of CaCO3/L formed; the Fe and Mn compounds, which mainly precipitated as Fe(OH)3(a) and Mn(OH)2; as well as the total CO2 released to the atmosphere. Analyzing these results together with the patterns of variation of hydrochemical and biological parameters, different interactions were observed: a) the effects of Fe inhibition in travertine formation, even though when the highest CO2 release was occurring; b) the fate and effects of chemicals limiting and/or inhibiting algal growth (mainly Fe, As and phosphate); c) the lack of coincidence between algal growth and tufa limestone precipitation; d) the relationship between some divalent metals (Mn and Co) and biotic activity
This study has been funded by the projects MEC CGL-2014-57215-C4-2R and CGL2013-43822-R of the Spanish Government, and by the projects MPCUdG2016/061 and MPCUdG2016/120 of the University of Girona
Format: application/pdf
ISSN: 0048-9697
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/10256/13122
Language: eng
Publisher: Elsevier
Collection: MINECO/PE 2014-2016/CGL2013-43822-R
Reproducció digital del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.06.185
Articles publicats (D-CCAA)
Is part of: © Science of the Total Environment, 2016, vol. 569-570, p. 700-715
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Subject: Diatomees
Diatoms
Hidrogeologia
Hydrogeology
Geoquímica
Geochemistry
Title: Influence of regional hydrogeological systems at a local scale: analyzing the coupled effects of hydrochemistry and biological activity in a Fe and CO2 rich spring
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: DUGiDocs

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