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Hydrothermal activity along the slow-spreading Lucky Strike ridge segment (Mid-Atlantic Ridge): Distribution, heatflux, and geological controls

We have reviewed available visual information from the seafloor, and recently acquired microbathymetry for several traverses across the Lucky Strike segment, to evaluate the distribution of hydrothermal activity. We have identified a new on-axis site with diffuse flow, Ewan, and an active vent structure ~1.2 km from the axis, Capelinhos. These sites are minor relative to the Main field, and our total heatflux estimate for all active sites (200-1200 MW) is only slightly higher than previously published estimates. We also identify fossil sites W of the main Lucky Strike field. A circular feature ~200 m in diameter located on the flanks of a rifted off-axis central volcano is likely a large and inactive hydrothermal edifice, named Grunnus. We find no indicator of focused hydrothermal activity elsewhere along the segment, suggesting that the enhanced melt supply and the associated melt lenses, required to form central volcanoes, also sustain hydrothermal circulation to form and maintain large and long-lived hydrothermal fields. Hydrothermal discharge to the seafloor occurs along fault traces, suggesting focusing of hydrothermal circulation in the shallow crust along permeable fault zones

This work has been partly financed by ANR (France) project NT05-3 42213 to JE, by EU FP6-RTN project #505026 MOMAR-NET to MC, and by MINECO (Spain) project CTM2013-46718-R to RG. The French Ministry of Research financed ship, ROV and AUV time through the cruises Graviluck (2006), MOMAR08 (2008), Bathyluck (2009), MOMARSAT (2010–2015). TowCamdeployment during Graviluck cruise was supported by NSF grant OCE-0623744 to A. Soule and D.J. Fornari (WHOI, USA). This is IPGP contribution #3676

Elsevier

Manager: Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (Espanya)
Author: Escartín, Javier
Barreyre, Thibaut
Cannat, Mathilde
García Campos, Rafael
Grácias, Nuno Ricardo Estrela
Deschamps, A.
Salocchi, A.
Sarradin, P.M.
Ballu, Valerie
Abstract: We have reviewed available visual information from the seafloor, and recently acquired microbathymetry for several traverses across the Lucky Strike segment, to evaluate the distribution of hydrothermal activity. We have identified a new on-axis site with diffuse flow, Ewan, and an active vent structure ~1.2 km from the axis, Capelinhos. These sites are minor relative to the Main field, and our total heatflux estimate for all active sites (200-1200 MW) is only slightly higher than previously published estimates. We also identify fossil sites W of the main Lucky Strike field. A circular feature ~200 m in diameter located on the flanks of a rifted off-axis central volcano is likely a large and inactive hydrothermal edifice, named Grunnus. We find no indicator of focused hydrothermal activity elsewhere along the segment, suggesting that the enhanced melt supply and the associated melt lenses, required to form central volcanoes, also sustain hydrothermal circulation to form and maintain large and long-lived hydrothermal fields. Hydrothermal discharge to the seafloor occurs along fault traces, suggesting focusing of hydrothermal circulation in the shallow crust along permeable fault zones
This work has been partly financed by ANR (France) project NT05-3 42213 to JE, by EU FP6-RTN project #505026 MOMAR-NET to MC, and by MINECO (Spain) project CTM2013-46718-R to RG. The French Ministry of Research financed ship, ROV and AUV time through the cruises Graviluck (2006), MOMAR08 (2008), Bathyluck (2009), MOMARSAT (2010–2015). TowCamdeployment during Graviluck cruise was supported by NSF grant OCE-0623744 to A. Soule and D.J. Fornari (WHOI, USA). This is IPGP contribution #3676
Format: application/pdf
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/10256/13138
Language: eng
Publisher: Elsevier
Collection: info:eu-repo/semantics/altIdentifier/doi/10.1016/j.epsl.2015.09.025
info:eu-repo/semantics/altIdentifier/issn/0012-821X
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MINECO//CTM2013-46718-R/ES/ROBOT SUBMARINO PARA EXPLORACION OMNIDIRECCIONAL Y TELEPRESENCIA/
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Subject: Fons marins
Ocean bottom
Imatges -- Processament
Image processing
Geologia submarina
Submarine geology
Title: Hydrothermal activity along the slow-spreading Lucky Strike ridge segment (Mid-Atlantic Ridge): Distribution, heatflux, and geological controls
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: DUGiDocs

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