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UV/H2O2 degradation of the antidepressants venlafaxine and O-desmethyl venlafaxine: Elucidation of their transformation pathwayand environmental fate

The aim of the present work is to investigate the removal and transformation of the antidepressants venlafaxine (VFX) and its main metabolite O-desmethylvenlafaxine (DVFX) upon advanced oxidation with UV/H2O2 under lab conditions. High-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) analyses were carried out by means of ultra-high pressure liquid chromatography (UHPLC)-linear ion trap high resolution Orbitrap instrument (LTQ-Orbitrap-MS) in order to elucidate the different transformation products (TPs) generated. The depletion of both VFX and DVFX was very significant, with the 99.9% of both compounds eliminated after 5 and 30 min of reaction, respectively. Eleven TPs for VFX and six for DVFX were detected and their molecular structures elucidated by means of MS2 and MS3 scans, and the corresponding degradation pathways were proposed. The combined ecotoxicity at different treatment times was evaluated by means of bioluminescence inhibition assays with the marine bacteria Vibrio fischeri. Results showed an increase in the ecotoxicity during the UV/H2O2 experiment, especially at those reaction times where the total abundance of TPs was higher

AcknowledgementsThe authors would like to thank the European Union (MarieCurie SANITAS ITN Project agreement 289193) and the SpanishMinistry of Science and Innovation (PCIN-2013-074, CTM2012-38314-C02-01 and CTM2013- 48545-C2). This research has alsobeen co-financed by the European Union through the EuropeanRegional Development Fund (ERDF) in the frame of the Catalo-nia ERDF Operative programme 2007–2013. This work was partlysupported by the Generalitat de Catalunya (Consolidated ResearchGroup: Catalan Institute for water Research 2014 SGR 291). R.Gonzalez-Olmos thanks to “Obra Social La Caixa” for fundingthrough the “Electromembrane” (2014-URL-Trac-002)

© Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2016, vol. 311, p. 70-80

Elsevier

Author: García-Galán, Maria Jesús
Anfruns Bagaria, Alba
González Olmos, Rafael
Rodríguez Mozaz, Sara
Comas Matas, Joaquim
Date: 2016 July 5
Abstract: The aim of the present work is to investigate the removal and transformation of the antidepressants venlafaxine (VFX) and its main metabolite O-desmethylvenlafaxine (DVFX) upon advanced oxidation with UV/H2O2 under lab conditions. High-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) analyses were carried out by means of ultra-high pressure liquid chromatography (UHPLC)-linear ion trap high resolution Orbitrap instrument (LTQ-Orbitrap-MS) in order to elucidate the different transformation products (TPs) generated. The depletion of both VFX and DVFX was very significant, with the 99.9% of both compounds eliminated after 5 and 30 min of reaction, respectively. Eleven TPs for VFX and six for DVFX were detected and their molecular structures elucidated by means of MS2 and MS3 scans, and the corresponding degradation pathways were proposed. The combined ecotoxicity at different treatment times was evaluated by means of bioluminescence inhibition assays with the marine bacteria Vibrio fischeri. Results showed an increase in the ecotoxicity during the UV/H2O2 experiment, especially at those reaction times where the total abundance of TPs was higher
AcknowledgementsThe authors would like to thank the European Union (MarieCurie SANITAS ITN Project agreement 289193) and the SpanishMinistry of Science and Innovation (PCIN-2013-074, CTM2012-38314-C02-01 and CTM2013- 48545-C2). This research has alsobeen co-financed by the European Union through the EuropeanRegional Development Fund (ERDF) in the frame of the Catalo-nia ERDF Operative programme 2007–2013. This work was partlysupported by the Generalitat de Catalunya (Consolidated ResearchGroup: Catalan Institute for water Research 2014 SGR 291). R.Gonzalez-Olmos thanks to “Obra Social La Caixa” for fundingthrough the “Electromembrane” (2014-URL-Trac-002)
Format: application/pdf
ISSN: 0304-3894 (versió paper)
1873-3336 (versió electrònica)
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/10256/13276
Language: eng
Publisher: Elsevier
Collection: MINECO/PCIN-2013-074
MINECO/PN 2012-2015/CTM2012-38314-C02-01
MINECO/PN 2013-2016/CTM 2013-48545-C2
Reproducció digital del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.02.070
Articles publicats (D-EQATA)
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/289193
Is part of: © Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2016, vol. 311, p. 70-80
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Subject: Toxicologia ambiental
Environmental toxicology
Metabòlits
Metabolites
Venlafaxina
Venlafaxine
Title: UV/H2O2 degradation of the antidepressants venlafaxine and O-desmethyl venlafaxine: Elucidation of their transformation pathwayand environmental fate
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: DUGiDocs

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