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Generation of new cytotoxic human ribonuclease variants directed to the nucleus

Ribonucleases are promising agents for use in anticancer therapy. Engineering a nuclear localization signal into the sequence of the human pancreatic ribonuclease has been revealed as a new strategy to endow this enzyme with cytotoxic activity against tumor cells. We previously described a cytotoxic human pancreatic ribonuclease variant, named PE5, which is able to cleave nuclear RNA, inducing the apoptosis of cancer cells and reducing the amount of P-glycoprotein in different multidrug-resistant cell lines. These results open the opportunity to use this ribonuclease in combination with other chemotherapeutics. In this work, we have investigated how to improve the properties of PE5 as an antitumor drug candidate. When attempting to develop a recombinant protein as a drug, two of the main desirable attributes are minimum immunogenicity and maximum potency. The improvements of PE5 have been designed in both senses. First, in order to reduce the potential immunogenicity of the protein, we have studied which residues mutated on PE5 can be reverted to those of the wild-type human pancreatic ribonuclease sequence without affecting its cytotoxicity. Second, we have investigated the effect of introducing an additional nuclear localization signal at different sites of PE5 in an effort to obtain a more cytotoxic enzyme. We show that the nuclear localization signal location is critical for the cytotoxicity. One of these variants, named NLSPE5, presents about a 10-fold increase in cytotoxicity respective to PE5. This variant induces apoptosis and kills the cells using the same mechanism as PE5

This work has been supported by Grant BFU2009-06935 from MICINN (Spain) and by Grant GRCT04 from the University of Girona. We are very grateful to Dr. Milica Pesic and Dr. Sabera Ruzdijićfor providing us with the NCI-H460/R cell line and to Dr. Ramon Colomer for providing us with the NCI/ ADR-RES cell line. A.V., J.C., and P.T. acknowledge their fellowship from MINEDU, Universitat de Girona, and MEC (Spain), respectively

© Molecular Pharmaceutics, 2012, vol. 9, núm. 10, p. 2894-2902

American Chemical Society (ACS)

Author: Vert Company, Anna
Castro Gallegos, Jessica
Ruiz Martínez, Santiago
Tubert Juhé, Pere
Escribano, Diego
Ribó i Panosa, Marc
Vilanova i Brugués, Maria
Benito i Mundet, Antoni
Date: 2012 September 7
Abstract: Ribonucleases are promising agents for use in anticancer therapy. Engineering a nuclear localization signal into the sequence of the human pancreatic ribonuclease has been revealed as a new strategy to endow this enzyme with cytotoxic activity against tumor cells. We previously described a cytotoxic human pancreatic ribonuclease variant, named PE5, which is able to cleave nuclear RNA, inducing the apoptosis of cancer cells and reducing the amount of P-glycoprotein in different multidrug-resistant cell lines. These results open the opportunity to use this ribonuclease in combination with other chemotherapeutics. In this work, we have investigated how to improve the properties of PE5 as an antitumor drug candidate. When attempting to develop a recombinant protein as a drug, two of the main desirable attributes are minimum immunogenicity and maximum potency. The improvements of PE5 have been designed in both senses. First, in order to reduce the potential immunogenicity of the protein, we have studied which residues mutated on PE5 can be reverted to those of the wild-type human pancreatic ribonuclease sequence without affecting its cytotoxicity. Second, we have investigated the effect of introducing an additional nuclear localization signal at different sites of PE5 in an effort to obtain a more cytotoxic enzyme. We show that the nuclear localization signal location is critical for the cytotoxicity. One of these variants, named NLSPE5, presents about a 10-fold increase in cytotoxicity respective to PE5. This variant induces apoptosis and kills the cells using the same mechanism as PE5
This work has been supported by Grant BFU2009-06935 from MICINN (Spain) and by Grant GRCT04 from the University of Girona. We are very grateful to Dr. Milica Pesic and Dr. Sabera Ruzdijićfor providing us with the NCI-H460/R cell line and to Dr. Ramon Colomer for providing us with the NCI/ ADR-RES cell line. A.V., J.C., and P.T. acknowledge their fellowship from MINEDU, Universitat de Girona, and MEC (Spain), respectively
Format: application/pdf
ISSN: 1543-8384 (versió paper)
1543-8392 (versió electrònica)
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/10256/13471
Language: eng
Publisher: American Chemical Society (ACS)
Collection: MICINN/PN 2010-2012/BFU2009-06935
Reproducció digital del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/mp300217b
Articles publicats (D-B)
Is part of: © Molecular Pharmaceutics, 2012, vol. 9, núm. 10, p. 2894-2902
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Subject: Càncer -- Tractament
Cancer -- Treatment
Ribonucleases
Medicaments antineoplàstics
Antineoplastic agents
Title: Generation of new cytotoxic human ribonuclease variants directed to the nucleus
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: DUGiDocs

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