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Modeling the role of voyaging in the coastal spread of the Early Neolithic in the West Mediterranean

The earliest dates for the West Mediterranean Neolithic indicate that it expanded across 2,500 km in about 300 y. Such a fast spread is held to be mainly due to a demic process driven by dispersal along coastal routes. Here, we model the Neolithic spread in the region by focusing on the role of voyaging to understand better the core elements that produced the observed pattern of dates. We also explore the effect of cultural interaction with Mesolithic populations living along the coast. The simulation study shows that (i) sea travel is required to obtain reasonable predictions, with a minimum sea-travel range of 300 km per generation; (ii) leapfrog coastal dispersals yield the best results (quantitatively and qualitatively); and (iii) interaction with Mesolithic people can assist the spread, but long-range voyaging is still needed to explain the archaeological pattern

This work has been partially funded by Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad (Grants SimulPast-CSC-2010-00034, FIS-2012-31307, and FIS-2016-80200-P), Fundación Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria (Grant NeoDigit-PIN2015E), and an Academia award from the Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (to J.F.)

© Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2017, vol. 114, núm. 5, p. 897-902

National Academy of Sciences

Manager: Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (Espanya)
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (Espanya)
Author: Isern Sardó, Neus
Zilhão, João
Fort, Joaquim
Ammerman, Albert J.
Date: 2017 January 31
Abstract: The earliest dates for the West Mediterranean Neolithic indicate that it expanded across 2,500 km in about 300 y. Such a fast spread is held to be mainly due to a demic process driven by dispersal along coastal routes. Here, we model the Neolithic spread in the region by focusing on the role of voyaging to understand better the core elements that produced the observed pattern of dates. We also explore the effect of cultural interaction with Mesolithic populations living along the coast. The simulation study shows that (i) sea travel is required to obtain reasonable predictions, with a minimum sea-travel range of 300 km per generation; (ii) leapfrog coastal dispersals yield the best results (quantitatively and qualitatively); and (iii) interaction with Mesolithic people can assist the spread, but long-range voyaging is still needed to explain the archaeological pattern
This work has been partially funded by Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad (Grants SimulPast-CSC-2010-00034, FIS-2012-31307, and FIS-2016-80200-P), Fundación Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria (Grant NeoDigit-PIN2015E), and an Academia award from the Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (to J.F.)
Format: application/pdf
ISSN: 0027-8424 (versió paper)
1091-6490 (versió electrònica)
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/10256/13744
Language: eng
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
Collection: MICINN/PN 2013-2015/FIS2012-31307
MINECO/PE 2017-2019/FIS-2016-80200-P
Reproducció digital del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1613413114
Articles publicats (D-F)
Is part of: © Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2017, vol. 114, núm. 5, p. 897-902
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Subject: Neolític -- Models matemàtics
Neolithic period -- Mathematical models
Title: Modeling the role of voyaging in the coastal spread of the Early Neolithic in the West Mediterranean
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: DUGiDocs

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