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Reactivity Patterns of (Protonated) Compound II and Compound I of Cytochrome P450: Which is the better oxidant?

The cytochromes P450 are versatile enzymes in human physiology that perform substrate hydroxylation reactions extremely efficient. In this work, we present results of a computational study on the reactivity patterns of Compound I, Compound II and protonated Compound II with model substrates and addresses the question, which of those is the most effective oxidant. All calculations, regardless of the substrate, implicate that Compound I is the superior oxidant of the three. However, Compound II and protonated Compound II are found to react with free energies of activation that are only a few kcal mol-1 higher in energy than those obtained with Compound I. Therefore, Compound II and protonated Compound II should be able to react with aliphatic groups with moderate C-H bond strengths. We have analyzed all results in detail and give electronic, thermochemical, valence bond and molecular orbital rationalizations on the reactivity differences and explain experimental product distributions. Overall, the work implies that alternative oxidants could operate alongside Compound I in complex reaction mechanisms of enzymatic and synthetic iron porphyrin complexes

VP and MS thanks the support of the Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad of Spain (Projects CTQ2014-54306-P and grant No. BES-2012-052801 to VP), Generalitat de Catalunya (project number 2014SGR931, Xarxa de Referència en Química Teòrica i Computacional, and ICREA Academia prizes for MS), and European Fund for Regional Development (FEDER grant UNGI10-4E-801)

© Chemistry-A European Journal, 2017, vol. 23, núm. 26, p. 6406-6418

Wiley

Author: Li, Xiao-Xi
Postils, Verònica
Sun, Wei
Faponle, Abayomi S.
Solà i Puig, Miquel
Wang, Yong
Nom, Wonwoo
de Visser, Sam P.
Date: 2017 May 5
Abstract: The cytochromes P450 are versatile enzymes in human physiology that perform substrate hydroxylation reactions extremely efficient. In this work, we present results of a computational study on the reactivity patterns of Compound I, Compound II and protonated Compound II with model substrates and addresses the question, which of those is the most effective oxidant. All calculations, regardless of the substrate, implicate that Compound I is the superior oxidant of the three. However, Compound II and protonated Compound II are found to react with free energies of activation that are only a few kcal mol-1 higher in energy than those obtained with Compound I. Therefore, Compound II and protonated Compound II should be able to react with aliphatic groups with moderate C-H bond strengths. We have analyzed all results in detail and give electronic, thermochemical, valence bond and molecular orbital rationalizations on the reactivity differences and explain experimental product distributions. Overall, the work implies that alternative oxidants could operate alongside Compound I in complex reaction mechanisms of enzymatic and synthetic iron porphyrin complexes
VP and MS thanks the support of the Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad of Spain (Projects CTQ2014-54306-P and grant No. BES-2012-052801 to VP), Generalitat de Catalunya (project number 2014SGR931, Xarxa de Referència en Química Teòrica i Computacional, and ICREA Academia prizes for MS), and European Fund for Regional Development (FEDER grant UNGI10-4E-801)
Format: application/pdf
Citation: https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.201700363
ISSN: 0947-6539 (versió paper)
1521-3765 (versió electrònica)
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/10256/14059
Language: eng
Publisher: Wiley
Collection: MINECO/PE 2015-2017/CTQ2014-54306-P
Versió postprint del document publicat a: https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.201700363
Articles publicats (D-Q)
Is part of: © Chemistry-A European Journal, 2017, vol. 23, núm. 26, p. 6406-6418
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Subject: Funcional de densitat, Teoria del
Density functionals
Hidroxiàcids
Hydroxy acids
Oxidació
Oxidation
Title: Reactivity Patterns of (Protonated) Compound II and Compound I of Cytochrome P450: Which is the better oxidant?
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: DUGiDocs

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