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Prova testemunhal. Do subjetivismo ao objectivismo, do isolamento cient铆fico ao di谩logo com a psicologia e a epistemologia

Cotutela Universitat de Girona i Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul

The present thesis, by adopting an objetive model of evidence law, intends to summarize the current knowledge about witness testimony in law and, in what follows, evaluate it using the science, mainly the epistemology and the psychology. For doing so, it begins, on the second part, with the premises of the new way of working with evidence, showing that the present work has a purpose only by adopting an objetive model of working with evidence, once that only by doing so the proceedings are worried about the epistemic quality of the search for the truth done in a concrete procedure. On the third part, the aim is to proceed with a wide investigation in law, including jurisprudence and precedents of the civil law courts, analysing the current knowledge about witness testimony, in the way its practiced today. On the fourth part, the two main lines of thought on epistemology of testimony, presuntivism and no-presuntivism, are presented, being analysed which one is usually adopted by civil law systems and which one should be, in the author鈥檚 opinion. On the fifth part, using scientific methodology of the health field, the work presents the main current conclusions of the psychology of testimony, in order to verify what are the fragilities and the points that need attention in the practice of witness testimony. On the sixth part, using the knowledge presented on the fourth and fifth parts, the premises presented on the third part are evaluated, with the purpose of proposing a reconstruction of the witness testimony in law using the objective model of evidence and, mainly, the current knowledge in science

La presente tesis, adoptando un modelo subjetivo de derecho probatorio, pretende resumir el conocimiento sobre la prueba testifical en el derecho y, en lo que sigue, evaluarla usando la ciencia. Para hacerlo, empieza con una amplia investigaci贸n en el derecho, incluyendo doctrina y jurisprudencia de las cortes de civil law, analizando el modo c贸mo se practica esta prueba hoy. Siguiendo, se analizan las dos principales l铆neas de pensamiento en la epistemolog铆a de testigos, presuntivismo y no presuntivismo, con cr铆ticas sobre la adopci贸n del presuntivismo en el derecho. En sequencia, el trabajo presentalas principales conclusiones actuales de la psicolog铆a del testimonio, para identificar los puntos que necessitan de atenci贸n en la pr谩ctica de la prueba testifical. Por fin, las premisas presentadas en la tercera parte son evaluadas, con la intenci贸n de proponer la reconstrucci贸n de la prueba testifical en el derecho

Universitat de Girona

Manager: Mitidiero, Daniel
Ferrer Beltr谩n, Jordi
Other contributions: Universitat de Girona. Departament de Dret Privat
Author: Ramos, Vitor Lia de Paula
Date: 2018 February 19
Abstract: Cotutela Universitat de Girona i Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
The present thesis, by adopting an objetive model of evidence law, intends to summarize the current knowledge about witness testimony in law and, in what follows, evaluate it using the science, mainly the epistemology and the psychology. For doing so, it begins, on the second part, with the premises of the new way of working with evidence, showing that the present work has a purpose only by adopting an objetive model of working with evidence, once that only by doing so the proceedings are worried about the epistemic quality of the search for the truth done in a concrete procedure. On the third part, the aim is to proceed with a wide investigation in law, including jurisprudence and precedents of the civil law courts, analysing the current knowledge about witness testimony, in the way its practiced today. On the fourth part, the two main lines of thought on epistemology of testimony, presuntivism and no-presuntivism, are presented, being analysed which one is usually adopted by civil law systems and which one should be, in the author鈥檚 opinion. On the fifth part, using scientific methodology of the health field, the work presents the main current conclusions of the psychology of testimony, in order to verify what are the fragilities and the points that need attention in the practice of witness testimony. On the sixth part, using the knowledge presented on the fourth and fifth parts, the premises presented on the third part are evaluated, with the purpose of proposing a reconstruction of the witness testimony in law using the objective model of evidence and, mainly, the current knowledge in science
La presente tesis, adoptando un modelo subjetivo de derecho probatorio, pretende resumir el conocimiento sobre la prueba testifical en el derecho y, en lo que sigue, evaluarla usando la ciencia. Para hacerlo, empieza con una amplia investigaci贸n en el derecho, incluyendo doctrina y jurisprudencia de las cortes de civil law, analizando el modo c贸mo se practica esta prueba hoy. Siguiendo, se analizan las dos principales l铆neas de pensamiento en la epistemolog铆a de testigos, presuntivismo y no presuntivismo, con cr铆ticas sobre la adopci贸n del presuntivismo en el derecho. En sequencia, el trabajo presentalas principales conclusiones actuales de la psicolog铆a del testimonio, para identificar los puntos que necessitan de atenci贸n en la pr谩ctica de la prueba testifical. Por fin, las premisas presentadas en la tercera parte son evaluadas, con la intenci贸n de proponer la reconstrucci贸n de la prueba testifical en el derecho
Format: application/pdf
Other identifiers: http://hdl.handle.net/10803/482109
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/10256/15410
Language: por
Publisher: Universitat de Girona
Rights: ADVERTIMENT. L鈥檃cc茅s als continguts d鈥檃questa tesi doctoral i la seva utilitzaci贸 ha de respectar els drets de la persona autora. Pot ser utilitzada per a consulta o estudi personal, aix铆 com en activitats o materials d鈥檌nvestigaci贸 i doc猫ncia en els termes establerts a l鈥檃rt. 32 del Text Ref贸s de la Llei de Propietat Intel路lectual (RDL 1/1996). Per altres utilitzacions es requereix l鈥檃utoritzaci贸 pr猫via i expressa de la persona autora. En qualsevol cas, en la utilitzaci贸 dels seus continguts caldr脿 indicar de forma clara el nom i cognoms de la persona autora i el t铆tol de la tesi doctoral. No s鈥檃utoritza la seva reproducci贸 o altres formes d鈥檈xplotaci贸 efectuades amb finalitats de lucre ni la seva comunicaci贸 p煤blica des d鈥檜n lloc ali猫 al servei TDX. Tampoc s鈥檃utoritza la presentaci贸 del seu contingut en una finestra o marc ali猫 a TDX (framing). Aquesta reserva de drets afecta tant als continguts de la tesi com als seus resums i 铆ndexs.
Subject: Prueba testimonial
Prova testimonial
Witness testimonial
Psicolog铆a del testimonio
Psicologia del testimoni
Testimonial psychology
Derecho probatorio
Dret probatori
Evidence law
159.9 - Psicologia
34 - Dret
Title: Prova testemunhal. Do subjetivismo ao objectivismo, do isolamento cient铆fico ao di谩logo com a psicologia e a epistemologia
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis
Repository: DUGiDocs

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