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The chemical variability at the surface of Mars: implications for exogenic processes

The chemical composition of sediments and rocks, as well as their distribution at the Martian surface, represent a long term archive of processes, which have formed the planetary surface. A survey of chemical compositions by means of Compositional Data Analysis represents a valuable tool to extract direct evidence for weathering processes and allows to quantify weathering and sedimentation rates. clr-biplot techniques are applied for visualization of chemical relationships across the surface (“chemical maps”). The variability among individual suites of data is further analyzed by means of clr-PCA, in order to extract chemical alteration vectors between fresh rocks and their crusts and for an assessment of different source reservoirs accessible to soil formation. Both techniques are applied to elucidate the influence of remote weathering by combined analysis of several soil forming branches. Vector analysis in the Simplex provides the opportunity to study atmosphere surface interactions, including the role and composition of volcanic gases

Geologische Vereinigung; Institut d’Estadística de Catalunya; International Association for Mathematical Geology; Patronat de l’Escola Politècnica Superior de la Universitat de Girona; Fundació privada: Girona, Universitat i Futur; Càtedra Lluís Santaló d’Aplicacions de la Matemàtica; Consell Social de la Universitat de Girona; Ministerio de Ciencia i Tecnología.cat

Universitat de Girona. Departament d’Informàtica i Matemàtica Aplicada

Manager: Mateu i Figueras, Glòria
Barceló i Vidal, Carles
Other contributions: Universitat de Girona. Departament d’Informàtica i Matemàtica Aplicada
Author: Kolb, Christopher
Martín Fernández, Josep Antoni
Abart, Rainer
Lammer, Helmut
Thió i Fernández de Henestrosa, Santiago
Pawlowsky-Glahn, Vera
Date: 2005 October
Abstract: The chemical composition of sediments and rocks, as well as their distribution at the Martian surface, represent a long term archive of processes, which have formed the planetary surface. A survey of chemical compositions by means of Compositional Data Analysis represents a valuable tool to extract direct evidence for weathering processes and allows to quantify weathering and sedimentation rates. clr-biplot techniques are applied for visualization of chemical relationships across the surface (“chemical maps”). The variability among individual suites of data is further analyzed by means of clr-PCA, in order to extract chemical alteration vectors between fresh rocks and their crusts and for an assessment of different source reservoirs accessible to soil formation. Both techniques are applied to elucidate the influence of remote weathering by combined analysis of several soil forming branches. Vector analysis in the Simplex provides the opportunity to study atmosphere surface interactions, including the role and composition of volcanic gases
Geologische Vereinigung; Institut d’Estadística de Catalunya; International Association for Mathematical Geology; Patronat de l’Escola Politècnica Superior de la Universitat de Girona; Fundació privada: Girona, Universitat i Futur; Càtedra Lluís Santaló d’Aplicacions de la Matemàtica; Consell Social de la Universitat de Girona; Ministerio de Ciencia i Tecnología.cat
Format: application/pdf
Citation: Kolb, C. et al. ’The chemical variability at the surface of Mars: implications for exogenic processes’ a CODAWORK’05. Girona: La Universitat, 2005 [consulta: 12 maig 2008]. Necessita Adobe Acrobat. Disponible a Internet a: http://hdl.handle.net/10256/705
ISBN: 84-8458-222-1
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/10256/705
Language: eng
Publisher: Universitat de Girona. Departament d’Informàtica i Matemàtica Aplicada
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Subject: Sedimentació
Title: The chemical variability at the surface of Mars: implications for exogenic processes
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject
Repository: DUGiDocs

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