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The reactivity of endohedral fullerenes: What can be learnt from computational studies?

The last two decades have witnessed major advances in the synthesis and characterization of endohedral fullerenes . These species have interesting physicochemical properties with many potential interesting applications in the fields of magnetism, superconductivity, nonlinear optical properties, radioimmunotherapy, and magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents, among others. In addition to the synthesis and characterization, the chemical functionalization of these species has been a main focus of research for at least four reasons: first, to help characterize endohedral fullerenes that could not be well described structurally otherwise; second, to generate materials with fine-tuned properties leading to enhanced functionality in one of their multiple potential applications; third, to produce water-soluble endohedral fullerenes needed for their use in medicinal sciences; and fourth, to generate electron donor –acceptor conjugates that can be used in solar energy conversion/storage . The functionalization of these species has been achieved through different types of reactions, the most common being the Diels–Alder reactions, 1,3-dipolar cycloadditions , Bingel–Hirsch reactions, and free-radical reactions. It has been found that the performance of these reactions in endohedral fullerenes may be quite different from that of the empty fullerenes . Indeed, encapsulated species have a large influence on the thermodynamics, kinetics, and regiochemistry of these reactions. A detailed understanding of the changes in chemical reactivity due to incarceration of atoms or clusters of atoms is essential to assist the synthesis of new functionalized endohedral fullerenes with specific properties. This Perspective seeks to highlight the key role played by computational chemistry in the analysis of the chemical reactivity of these systems. It is shown that the information obtained through calculations is highly valuable in the process of designing new materials based on endohedral fullerenes

The following organizations are thanked for financial support: the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion (MICINN, project numbers CTQ2008-03077/BQU and CTQ2008-06532/BQU), the DIUE of the Generalitat de Catalunya (project numbers 2009SGR637 and 2009SGR528) and the European Community (postdoctoral fellowship PIOF-GA-2009-252856). Excellent service by the Centre de Supercomputacio de Catalunya (CESCA) is gratefully acknowledged. The authors also are grateful to the computer resources, technical expertise, and assistance provided by the Barcelona Supercomputing Center-Centro Nacional de Supercomputacion. Support for the research of M. Sola was received through the ICREA Academia 2009 prize for excellence in research funded by the DIUE of the Generalitat de Catalunya

© Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2011, núm. 13, p. 3585-3603

Manager: Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia (Espanya)
Generalitat de Catalunya. Agència de Gestió d’Ajuts Universitaris i de Recerca
Author: Osuna Oliveras, Sílvia
Swart, Marcel
Solà i Puig, Miquel
Date: 2011
Abstract: The last two decades have witnessed major advances in the synthesis and characterization of endohedral fullerenes . These species have interesting physicochemical properties with many potential interesting applications in the fields of magnetism, superconductivity, nonlinear optical properties, radioimmunotherapy, and magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents, among others. In addition to the synthesis and characterization, the chemical functionalization of these species has been a main focus of research for at least four reasons: first, to help characterize endohedral fullerenes that could not be well described structurally otherwise; second, to generate materials with fine-tuned properties leading to enhanced functionality in one of their multiple potential applications; third, to produce water-soluble endohedral fullerenes needed for their use in medicinal sciences; and fourth, to generate electron donor –acceptor conjugates that can be used in solar energy conversion/storage . The functionalization of these species has been achieved through different types of reactions, the most common being the Diels–Alder reactions, 1,3-dipolar cycloadditions , Bingel–Hirsch reactions, and free-radical reactions. It has been found that the performance of these reactions in endohedral fullerenes may be quite different from that of the empty fullerenes . Indeed, encapsulated species have a large influence on the thermodynamics, kinetics, and regiochemistry of these reactions. A detailed understanding of the changes in chemical reactivity due to incarceration of atoms or clusters of atoms is essential to assist the synthesis of new functionalized endohedral fullerenes with specific properties. This Perspective seeks to highlight the key role played by computational chemistry in the analysis of the chemical reactivity of these systems. It is shown that the information obtained through calculations is highly valuable in the process of designing new materials based on endohedral fullerenes
The following organizations are thanked for financial support: the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion (MICINN, project numbers CTQ2008-03077/BQU and CTQ2008-06532/BQU), the DIUE of the Generalitat de Catalunya (project numbers 2009SGR637 and 2009SGR528) and the European Community (postdoctoral fellowship PIOF-GA-2009-252856). Excellent service by the Centre de Supercomputacio de Catalunya (CESCA) is gratefully acknowledged. The authors also are grateful to the computer resources, technical expertise, and assistance provided by the Barcelona Supercomputing Center-Centro Nacional de Supercomputacion. Support for the research of M. Sola was received through the ICREA Academia 2009 prize for excellence in research funded by the DIUE of the Generalitat de Catalunya
Format: application/pdf
ISSN: 1463-9076 (versió paper)
1463-9084 (versió electrònica)
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/10256/7148
Language: eng
Collection: MEC/PN 2009-2011/CTQ2008-03077/BQU
MEC/PN 2009-2011/CTQ2008-06532/BQU
AGAUR/2009-2014/2009 SGR-637
AGAUR/2009-2014/2009 SGR-528
Reproducció digital del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C0CP01594F
Articles publicats (D-Q)
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/252856
Is part of: © Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2011, núm. 13, p. 3585-3603
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Subject: Ful·lerens -- Reactivitat
Fullerenes -- Reactivity
Reaccions químiques
Chemical reactions
Diels-Alder, Reacció de
Bingel-Hirsch, Reacció de
Bingel-Hirsch reaction
Title: The reactivity of endohedral fullerenes: What can be learnt from computational studies?
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: DUGiDocs

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