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Compositional data and Simpson’s paradox

Simpson’s paradox, also known as amalgamation or aggregation paradox, appears when dealing with proportions. Proportions are by construction parts of a whole, which can be interpreted as compositions assuming they only carry relative information. The Aitchison inner product space structure of the simplex, the sample space of compositions, explains the appearance of the paradox, given that amalgamation is a nonlinear operation within that structure. Here we propose to use balances, which are specific elements of this structure, to analyse situations where the paradox might appear. With the proposed approach we obtain that the centre of the tables analysed is a natural way to compare them, which avoids by construction the possibility of a paradox. Key words: Aitchison geometry, geometric mean, orthogonal projection

Geologische Vereinigung; Institut d’Estadística de Catalunya; International Association for Mathematical Geology; Càtedra Lluís Santaló d’Aplicacions de la Matemàtica; Generalitat de Catalunya, Departament d’Innovació, Universitats i Recerca; Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia; Ingenio 2010.

Universitat de Girona. Departament d’Informàtica i Matemàtica Aplicada

Director: Daunis i Estadella, Josep
Martín Fernández, Josep Antoni
Altres contribucions: Universitat de Girona. Departament d’Informàtica i Matemàtica Aplicada
Autor: Egozcue, Juan José
Pawlowsky-Glahn, Vera
Data: 28 maig 2008
Resum: Simpson’s paradox, also known as amalgamation or aggregation paradox, appears when dealing with proportions. Proportions are by construction parts of a whole, which can be interpreted as compositions assuming they only carry relative information. The Aitchison inner product space structure of the simplex, the sample space of compositions, explains the appearance of the paradox, given that amalgamation is a nonlinear operation within that structure. Here we propose to use balances, which are specific elements of this structure, to analyse situations where the paradox might appear. With the proposed approach we obtain that the centre of the tables analysed is a natural way to compare them, which avoids by construction the possibility of a paradox. Key words: Aitchison geometry, geometric mean, orthogonal projection
Geologische Vereinigung; Institut d’Estadística de Catalunya; International Association for Mathematical Geology; Càtedra Lluís Santaló d’Aplicacions de la Matemàtica; Generalitat de Catalunya, Departament d’Innovació, Universitats i Recerca; Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia; Ingenio 2010.
Format: application/pdf
Cita: Egozcue, J.J.; Pawlowsky Glahn, V. ’Compositional data and Simpson’s paradox’ a CODAWORK’08. Girona: La Universitat, 2008 [consulta: 12 maig 2008]. Necessita Adobe Acrobat. Disponible a Internet a: http://hdl.handle.net/10256/718
Accés al document: http://hdl.handle.net/10256/718
Llenguatge: eng
Editor: Universitat de Girona. Departament d’Informàtica i Matemàtica Aplicada
Drets: Tots els drets reservats
Matèria: Geometria d’Aitchison
Variables (Estadística)
Títol: Compositional data and Simpson’s paradox
Tipus: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject
Repositori: DUGiDocs

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