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Cruz Hidalgo, Raúl
Pagonabarraga Mora, Ignacio 

2008  
The dynamics of homogeneously heated granular gases which fragment due to particle collisions is analyzed. We introduce a kinetic model which accounts for correlations induced at the grain collisions and analyze both the kinetics and relevant distribution functions these systems develop. The work combines analytical and numerical studies based on direct simulation Monte Carlo calculations. A broad family of fragmentation probabilities is considered, and its implications for the system kinetics are discussed. We show that generically these driven materials evolve asymptotically into a dynamical scaling regime. If the fragmentation probability tends to a constant, the grain number diverges at a finite time, leading to a shattering singularity. If the fragmentation probability vanishes, then the number of grains grows monotonously as a power law. We consider different homogeneous thermostats and show that the kinetics of these systems depends weakly on both the grain inelasticity and driving. We observe that fragmentation plays a relevant role in the shape of the velocity distribution of the particles. When the fragmentation is driven by local stochastic events, the long velocity tail is essentially exponential independently of the heating frequency and the breaking rule. However, for a LoweAndersen thermostat, numerical evidence strongly supports the conjecture that the scaled velocity distribution follows a generalized exponential behavior f (c)~exp (−cⁿ), with n ≈1.2, regarding less the fragmentation mechanisms  
application/pdf  
15393755 (versió paper) 15502376 (versió electrònica) 

http://hdl.handle.net/10256/7621  
eng  
American Physical Society  
Reproducció digital del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.77.061305 Articles publicats (DEMCI) 

© Physical Review E, 2008, vol. 77, núm. 6, p. 061305  
Tots els drets reservats  
Dinàmica de gasos
Gas dynamics Materials granulars Granular materials 

Driven fragmentation of granular gases  
info:eurepo/semantics/article  
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