Item
Pujol i Sagar贸, Toni
Llebot, Josep Enric 

1999  
The second differential of the entropy is used for analysing the stability of a thermodynamic climatic model. A delay time for the heat flux is introduced whereby it becomes an independent variable. Two different expressions for the second differential of the entropy are used: one follows classical irreversible thermodynamics theory; the second is related to the introduction of response time and is due to the extended irreversible thermodynamics theory. the second differential of the classical entropy leads to unstable solutions for high values of delay times. the extended expression always implies stable states for an icefree earth. When the icealbedo feedback is included, a discontinuous distribution of stable states is found for high response times. Following the thermodynamic analysis of the model, the maximum rates of entropy production at the steady state are obtained. A latitudinally isothermal earth produces the extremum in global entropy production. the material contribution to entropy production (by which we mean the production of entropy by material transport of heat) is a maximum when the latitudinal distribution of temperatures becomes less homogeneous than present values  
application/pdf  
00359009 (versi贸 paper) 1477870X (versi贸 electr貌nica) 

http://hdl.handle.net/10256/7716  
eng  
Royal Meteorological Society  
Reproducci贸 digital del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/qj.49712555307 Articles publicats (DF) 

漏 Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 1999, vol. 125, n煤m. 553, p. 91106  
Tots els drets reservats  
Climatologia
Climatology Entropia Entropy Termodin脿mica Thermodynamic 

Second differential of the entropy as a criterion for the stability in lowdimensional climate models  
info:eurepo/semantics/article  
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