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Impact of formate on the growth and productivity of Clostridium ljungdahlii PETC and Clostridium carboxidivorans P7 grown on syngas

The current energy model based on fossil fuels is coming to an end due to the increase in global energy demand. Biofuels such as ethanol and butanol can be produced through the syngas fermentation by acetogenic bacteria. The present work hypothesizes that formate addition would positively impact kinetic parameters for growth and alcohol production in Clostridium ljungdahlii PETC and Clostridium carboxidivorans P7 by diminishing the need for reducing equivalents. Fermentation experiments were conducted using completely anaerobic batch cultures at different pH values and formate concentrations. PETC cultures were more tolerant to formate concentrations than P7, specially at pH 5.0 and 6.0. Complete growth inhibition of PETC occurred at sodium formate concentrations of 30.0 mM; however, no differences in growth rates were observed at pH 7.0 for the two strains. Incubation at formate concentrations lower than 2.0 mM resulted in increased growth rates for both strains. The most recognizable effects of formate addition on the fermentation products were the increase in the total carbon fixed into acids and alcohols at pH 5.0 and pH 6.0, as well as, a higher ethanol to total products ratio at pH 7.0. Taken all together, these results show the ability of acetogens to use formate diminishing the energy demand for growth, and enhancing strain productivity

The authors thank the Autonomous Government of Catalonia (Generalitat de Catalunya) (2013 FI-DGR) and the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (Best-Energy, CTQ2011-23632, CTM2013-43454-R) for their financial support in this study. LEQUIA and IEA have been recognized as consolidated research groups by the Catalan Government (2014-SGR-1168 and 2014-SGR-2016). RG gratefully acknowledges support from Beatriu de Pinos fellowship (BP-2011-B) and FP7 Marie Curie Career Integration Grants (PCIG13-GA-2013-618593)

Spanish Society for Microbiology (SEM)

Author: Ramió Pujol, Sara
Ganigué Pagès, Ramon
Bañeras Vives, Lluís
Colprim Galceran, Jesús
Abstract: The current energy model based on fossil fuels is coming to an end due to the increase in global energy demand. Biofuels such as ethanol and butanol can be produced through the syngas fermentation by acetogenic bacteria. The present work hypothesizes that formate addition would positively impact kinetic parameters for growth and alcohol production in Clostridium ljungdahlii PETC and Clostridium carboxidivorans P7 by diminishing the need for reducing equivalents. Fermentation experiments were conducted using completely anaerobic batch cultures at different pH values and formate concentrations. PETC cultures were more tolerant to formate concentrations than P7, specially at pH 5.0 and 6.0. Complete growth inhibition of PETC occurred at sodium formate concentrations of 30.0 mM; however, no differences in growth rates were observed at pH 7.0 for the two strains. Incubation at formate concentrations lower than 2.0 mM resulted in increased growth rates for both strains. The most recognizable effects of formate addition on the fermentation products were the increase in the total carbon fixed into acids and alcohols at pH 5.0 and pH 6.0, as well as, a higher ethanol to total products ratio at pH 7.0. Taken all together, these results show the ability of acetogens to use formate diminishing the energy demand for growth, and enhancing strain productivity
The authors thank the Autonomous Government of Catalonia (Generalitat de Catalunya) (2013 FI-DGR) and the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (Best-Energy, CTQ2011-23632, CTM2013-43454-R) for their financial support in this study. LEQUIA and IEA have been recognized as consolidated research groups by the Catalan Government (2014-SGR-1168 and 2014-SGR-2016). RG gratefully acknowledges support from Beatriu de Pinos fellowship (BP-2011-B) and FP7 Marie Curie Career Integration Grants (PCIG13-GA-2013-618593)
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/2072/255047
Language: eng
Publisher: Spanish Society for Microbiology (SEM)
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Spain
Rights URI: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/es/
Subject: Clostridi
Clostridium
Biocombustibles
Biocarburants
Title: Impact of formate on the growth and productivity of Clostridium ljungdahlii PETC and Clostridium carboxidivorans P7 grown on syngas
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: Recercat

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