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DUGi: Item | Recercat - Genetic diversity and population structure of the non-native Eastern mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki) in Mediterranean streams

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Genetic diversity and population structure of the non-native Eastern mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki) in Mediterranean streams

Mosquitofish is a small, voracious, highly fecund freshwater fish species originated from northeaster America, that was introduced worldwide to control mosquito populations. In this thesis we have studied the genetics of the invasion of Mediterranean streams by the mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki) to discover some of the aspects that drive their successfully invasive life history. Comparison of introduced populations with the American sources of invasion indicated that there was no loss of genetic diversity due to the invasion process. Local genetic diversity levels and overall population structure were maintained among generations in introduced populations. We observed adaptive response to pollutants in the Flix reservoir, Ebro River, but that human perturbations do not prevent mosquitofish dispersal along rivers. Finally, unregulated human-assisted translocations probably increase the opportunities for colonization of new environments, and therefore need to be controlled.

La gambúsia és un peix molt voraç i fecund originari de les masses d’aigua dolça del nord-est d’Amèrica, que va a ser introduïda en tot el món pel control biològic de les poblacions de mosquit. En aquesta tesis se analitzen els processos genètics relacionats amb l’èxit invasor de la gambúsia (Gambusia holbrooki) en les conques mediterrànies. Les poblacions de gambusia introduïdes catalanes mantenen els nivells de diversitat genètica presents a les poblacions Americànes que van ser les fonts dels invasors de Europa. En aquestas poblacions introduïdes, els nivells locals i patrons hidrogràfics de diversitat genètica es mantenen entre generacions. Hi a una resposta selectiva als contaminants en les poblacions de gamusia a l’embassament de Flix, riu Ebro, però aquestes pertorbacions humanes no limiten la dispersió de la gambúsia. Finalment, les translocacions d’exemplars per l’home augmenten les oportunitats de colonitzar nous ambients i per això han de ser controlats.

Universitat de Girona

Manager: García Marín, José Luis
Other contributions: Universitat de Girona. Departament de Biologia
Author: Díez del Molino, David
Abstract: Mosquitofish is a small, voracious, highly fecund freshwater fish species originated from northeaster America, that was introduced worldwide to control mosquito populations. In this thesis we have studied the genetics of the invasion of Mediterranean streams by the mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki) to discover some of the aspects that drive their successfully invasive life history. Comparison of introduced populations with the American sources of invasion indicated that there was no loss of genetic diversity due to the invasion process. Local genetic diversity levels and overall population structure were maintained among generations in introduced populations. We observed adaptive response to pollutants in the Flix reservoir, Ebro River, but that human perturbations do not prevent mosquitofish dispersal along rivers. Finally, unregulated human-assisted translocations probably increase the opportunities for colonization of new environments, and therefore need to be controlled.
La gambúsia és un peix molt voraç i fecund originari de les masses d’aigua dolça del nord-est d’Amèrica, que va a ser introduïda en tot el món pel control biològic de les poblacions de mosquit. En aquesta tesis se analitzen els processos genètics relacionats amb l’èxit invasor de la gambúsia (Gambusia holbrooki) en les conques mediterrànies. Les poblacions de gambusia introduïdes catalanes mantenen els nivells de diversitat genètica presents a les poblacions Americànes que van ser les fonts dels invasors de Europa. En aquestas poblacions introduïdes, els nivells locals i patrons hidrogràfics de diversitat genètica es mantenen entre generacions. Hi a una resposta selectiva als contaminants en les poblacions de gamusia a l’embassament de Flix, riu Ebro, però aquestes pertorbacions humanes no limiten la dispersió de la gambúsia. Finalment, les translocacions d’exemplars per l’home augmenten les oportunitats de colonitzar nous ambients i per això han de ser controlats.
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/2072/296045
Language: eng
Publisher: Universitat de Girona
Rights URI: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/es/
Subject: Tesis i dissertacions acadèmiques
Gambúsies
Gambezi
Mosquitofish
Gambusia holbrooki
Animals invasors
Introduced organisms
Animales invasores
Diversitat genètica
Genetic diversity
Diversidad genética
Biologia de poblacions
Population biology
Biología de las poblaciones
Rius Mediterranis
Mediterranean rivers
Ríos mediterráneos
504 - Ciències del medi ambient
574 - Ecologia general i biodiversitat
Title: Genetic diversity and population structure of the non-native Eastern mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki) in Mediterranean streams
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis
Repository: Recercat

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