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Omnidirectional Underwater Camera Design and Calibration

This paper presents the development of an underwater omnidirectional multi-camera system (OMS) based on a commercially available six-camera system, originally designed for land applications. A full calibration method is presented for the estimation of both the intrinsic and extrinsic parameters, which is able to cope with wide-angle lenses and non-overlapping cameras simultaneously. This method is valid for any OMS in both land or water applications. For underwater use, a customized housing is required, which often leads to strong image distortion due to refraction among the different media. This phenomena makes the basic pinhole camera model invalid for underwater cameras, especially when using wide-angle lenses, and requires the explicit modeling of the individual optical rays. To address this problem, a ray tracing approach has been adopted to create a field-of-view (FOV) simulator for underwater cameras. The simulator allows for the testing of different housing geometries and optics for the cameras to ensure a complete hemisphere coverage in underwater operation. This paper describes the design and testing of a compact custom housing for a commercial off-the-shelf OMS camera (Ladybug 3) and presents the first results of its use. A proposed three-stage calibration process allows for the estimation of all of the relevant camera parameters. Experimental results are presented, which illustrate the performance of the calibration method and validate the approach

This research was sponsored by the MORPH EU FP7-Project under Grant Agreement FP7-ICT-2011-7-288704, the Spanish National Project OMNIUS (Lightweight robot for OMNidirectional Underwater Surveying and telepresence) under Agreement CTM2013-46718-R, the Generalitat de Catalunya through the ACCIO (Agencia per a la competitivitat de l’empresa de la Generalitat de Catalunya)/TecnioSpring program (TECSPR14-1-0050), with the support of "la Secretaria d’Universitats i Recerca del Departament d’Economia i Coneixement de la Generalitat de Catalunya" and the University of Girona under a grant for the formation of researchers

MDPI (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute)

Manager: Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (Espanya)
Generalitat de Catalunya. Agència per a la competitivitat de l’empresa
Author: Bosch Alay, Josep
Grácias, Nuno Ricardo Estrela
Ridao Rodríguez, Pere
Ribas Romagós, David
Abstract: This paper presents the development of an underwater omnidirectional multi-camera system (OMS) based on a commercially available six-camera system, originally designed for land applications. A full calibration method is presented for the estimation of both the intrinsic and extrinsic parameters, which is able to cope with wide-angle lenses and non-overlapping cameras simultaneously. This method is valid for any OMS in both land or water applications. For underwater use, a customized housing is required, which often leads to strong image distortion due to refraction among the different media. This phenomena makes the basic pinhole camera model invalid for underwater cameras, especially when using wide-angle lenses, and requires the explicit modeling of the individual optical rays. To address this problem, a ray tracing approach has been adopted to create a field-of-view (FOV) simulator for underwater cameras. The simulator allows for the testing of different housing geometries and optics for the cameras to ensure a complete hemisphere coverage in underwater operation. This paper describes the design and testing of a compact custom housing for a commercial off-the-shelf OMS camera (Ladybug 3) and presents the first results of its use. A proposed three-stage calibration process allows for the estimation of all of the relevant camera parameters. Experimental results are presented, which illustrate the performance of the calibration method and validate the approach
This research was sponsored by the MORPH EU FP7-Project under Grant Agreement FP7-ICT-2011-7-288704, the Spanish National Project OMNIUS (Lightweight robot for OMNidirectional Underwater Surveying and telepresence) under Agreement CTM2013-46718-R, the Generalitat de Catalunya through the ACCIO (Agencia per a la competitivitat de l’empresa de la Generalitat de Catalunya)/TecnioSpring program (TECSPR14-1-0050), with the support of "la Secretaria d’Universitats i Recerca del Departament d’Economia i Coneixement de la Generalitat de Catalunya" and the University of Girona under a grant for the formation of researchers
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/2072/296167
Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute)
Rights: Attribution 4.0 Spain
Rights URI: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/es/
Subject: Càmeres fotogràfiques -- Disseny
Cameras -- Design
Càmeres fotogràfiques -- Calibratge
Cameras -- Calibration
Title: Omnidirectional Underwater Camera Design and Calibration
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: Recercat

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