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Connecting bacterial colonization to physical and biochemical changes in a sand box infiltration experiment

Infiltration through sediments is linked to complex biogeochemical processes occurring at small spatial scales, often leading to a progressive reduction in infiltration rates due to microbial growth and/or mechanical clogging. Unraveling the linkage between microbial dynamics and water infiltration in a heterogeneous medium is of concern in artificial recharge ponds and natural infiltration systems. We present an 84-day laboratory infiltration experiment that aims at studying the temporal variation of selected biogeochemical parameters at different depths along the infiltration path. The experimental setup consists of a 1.2. m high tank packed with a heterogeneous soil and instrumented with arrays of sensors as well as soil and liquid samplers. Results indicate that: (i) microbial processes are responsible for infiltration reduction, enhancing the spatially heterogeneous distribution of infiltration rates with time, (ii) bacteria and extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) are present at all monitored depths, indicating the potential for deep biological clogging, (iii) bacteria functioning and richness exhibit depth zonation after the system reaches a mature state and (iv) the retention curve changes towards highest saturation by the end of the experiment. The increase in water holding capacity is largest at depth, where the presence of EPS is noticeable. The reduction in time of the quantity of water infiltrating along the tank can only be accounted for with a truly interdisciplinary approach involving physical, chemical and biological processes

The project has received founding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Program for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement No. PCOFUND-GA-2008-226070. Financial support from the ICREA Academia Program and the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, projects SCARCE (Consolider-Ingenio CSD2009-00065), FLUMED-HOTSPOTS (CGL2011-30151-C02-01), and FEAR (CGL2012-38120), as well as the EU project MARSOL (FP7-ENV-2013, Grant No 619120) is also gratefully acknowledged

Elsevier

Manager: Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (Espanya)
Author: Rubol, Simonetta
Freixa Casals, Anna
Carles-Brangari, Albert
Fernandez Garcia, Daniel
Romaní i Cornet, Anna M.
Sánchez Vila, Xavier
Abstract: Infiltration through sediments is linked to complex biogeochemical processes occurring at small spatial scales, often leading to a progressive reduction in infiltration rates due to microbial growth and/or mechanical clogging. Unraveling the linkage between microbial dynamics and water infiltration in a heterogeneous medium is of concern in artificial recharge ponds and natural infiltration systems. We present an 84-day laboratory infiltration experiment that aims at studying the temporal variation of selected biogeochemical parameters at different depths along the infiltration path. The experimental setup consists of a 1.2. m high tank packed with a heterogeneous soil and instrumented with arrays of sensors as well as soil and liquid samplers. Results indicate that: (i) microbial processes are responsible for infiltration reduction, enhancing the spatially heterogeneous distribution of infiltration rates with time, (ii) bacteria and extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) are present at all monitored depths, indicating the potential for deep biological clogging, (iii) bacteria functioning and richness exhibit depth zonation after the system reaches a mature state and (iv) the retention curve changes towards highest saturation by the end of the experiment. The increase in water holding capacity is largest at depth, where the presence of EPS is noticeable. The reduction in time of the quantity of water infiltrating along the tank can only be accounted for with a truly interdisciplinary approach involving physical, chemical and biological processes
The project has received founding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Program for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement No. PCOFUND-GA-2008-226070. Financial support from the ICREA Academia Program and the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, projects SCARCE (Consolider-Ingenio CSD2009-00065), FLUMED-HOTSPOTS (CGL2011-30151-C02-01), and FEAR (CGL2012-38120), as well as the EU project MARSOL (FP7-ENV-2013, Grant No 619120) is also gratefully acknowledged
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/2072/296809
Language: eng
Publisher: Elsevier
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Subject: Microorganismes -- Creixement
Microbial growth
Ecologia experimental
Experimental ecology
Title: Connecting bacterial colonization to physical and biochemical changes in a sand box infiltration experiment
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: Recercat

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