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Enantioselective hydroformylation by a Rh-catalyst entrapped in a supramolecular metallocage

Regio- and enantioselective hydroformylation of styrenes is attained upon embedding a chiral Rh complex in a nonchiral supramolecular cage formed from coordination-driven self-assembly of macrocyclic dipalladium complexes and tetracarboxylate zinc porphyrins. The resulting supramolecular catalyst converts styrene derivatives into aldehyde products with much higher chiral induction in comparison to the nonencapsulated Rh catalyst. Spectroscopic analysis shows that encapsulation does not change the electronic properties of the catalyst nor its first coordination sphere. Instead, enhanced enantioselectivity is rationalized by the modification of the second coordination sphere occurring upon catalyst inclusion inside the cage, being one of the few examples in achieving an enantioselective outcome via indirect through-space control of the chirality around the catalyst center. This effect resembles those taking place in enzymatic sites, where structural constraints imposed by the enzyme cavity can impart stereoselectivities that cannot be attained in bulk. These results are a showcase for the future development of asymmetric catalysis by using size-tunable supramolecular capsules

We thank the European Research Council (ERC-2011-StG- 277801 to X.R., ERC-2009-StG-239910 to M.C., and ERC- 2013-AdG-339782-NAT_CAT to J.N.H.R.), the Spanish MINECO (Consolider-Ingenio CSD2010-00065, INNPLANTA project INP-2011-0059-PCT-420000-ACT1, and CTQ2012-32436), and the Catalan DIUE of the Generalitat de Catalunya (2009SGR637 and PhD grant to C.G.S.)

American Chemical Society (ACS)

Manager: Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovaci贸n (Espanya)
Generalitat de Catalunya. Ag猫ncia de Gesti贸 d鈥橝juts Universitaris i de Recerca
Author: Garc铆a Sim贸n, Cristina
Gramage Doria, Rafael
Raoufmoghaddam, Saeed
Parella Coll, Teodor
Costas Salgueiro, Miquel
Ribas Salama帽a, Xavi
Reek, Joost N.H.
Abstract: Regio- and enantioselective hydroformylation of styrenes is attained upon embedding a chiral Rh complex in a nonchiral supramolecular cage formed from coordination-driven self-assembly of macrocyclic dipalladium complexes and tetracarboxylate zinc porphyrins. The resulting supramolecular catalyst converts styrene derivatives into aldehyde products with much higher chiral induction in comparison to the nonencapsulated Rh catalyst. Spectroscopic analysis shows that encapsulation does not change the electronic properties of the catalyst nor its first coordination sphere. Instead, enhanced enantioselectivity is rationalized by the modification of the second coordination sphere occurring upon catalyst inclusion inside the cage, being one of the few examples in achieving an enantioselective outcome via indirect through-space control of the chirality around the catalyst center. This effect resembles those taking place in enzymatic sites, where structural constraints imposed by the enzyme cavity can impart stereoselectivities that cannot be attained in bulk. These results are a showcase for the future development of asymmetric catalysis by using size-tunable supramolecular capsules
We thank the European Research Council (ERC-2011-StG- 277801 to X.R., ERC-2009-StG-239910 to M.C., and ERC- 2013-AdG-339782-NAT_CAT to J.N.H.R.), the Spanish MINECO (Consolider-Ingenio CSD2010-00065, INNPLANTA project INP-2011-0059-PCT-420000-ACT1, and CTQ2012-32436), and the Catalan DIUE of the Generalitat de Catalunya (2009SGR637 and PhD grant to C.G.S.)
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/2072/297430
Language: eng
Publisher: American Chemical Society (ACS)
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Subject: Catalitzadors de rodi
Rhodium catalyst
Title: Enantioselective hydroformylation by a Rh-catalyst entrapped in a supramolecular metallocage
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: Recercat

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