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Small Weirs, Big Effects: Disruption of Water Temperature Regimes with Hydrological Alteration in a Mediterranean Stream

The effects of hydrological alterations on thermal regimes due to small water provisioning schemes are poorly understood. We studied the alteration of thermal regimes in a Mediterranean stream, where a weir and a water abstraction have been previously shown to severely affect the flow regime (e.g.frequency and duration of drought) and fish assemblage. Compared to non-impacted sites, the daily water temperature was more variable downstream of the weir, where water flow was reduced and drying occurred every summer. However, water temperature variation was smaller in a nearby downstream site dominated by effluents from a wastewater treatment plant. In addition, compared to all other sites, the times of the day to reach minimum and maximum water temperatures were markedly different in this site receiving the wastewater plant effluents and occurred earlier in the day in the site below the weir. The relationships between air and water temperatures were tight downstream but became looser and anomalous at the sites affected by water abstraction and effluent inputs. Overall, our results show that water temperature regimes in small streams are abruptly disrupted with water provisioning schemes with unknown consequences for aquatic organisms and ecosystems. Effects may be particularly stressful in Mediterranean-climate streams, where water is scarce and hydrological alterations pervasive

This research was financially supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (projects CONSOLIDER-INGENIO SCARCE, CSD2009-00065 and CGL2013-43822-R), the Government of Catalonia (ref. 2014 SGR 484), and by the Catalan Water Agency and Sant Celoni town council (‘Observatori de la Tordera’ project, led by Dr. M. Boada). MJB benefited from a postdoctoral grant from the European Commission (Erasmus Mundus Partnership ‘NESSIE’, 372353-1-2012-1-FR-ERA MUNDUS-EMA22)

Wiley

Manager: Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (Espanya)
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (Espanya)
Author: Bae, Mi-Jung
Merciai, Roberto
Benejam Vidal, Lluís
Sabater, Sergi
García-Berthou, Emili
Abstract: The effects of hydrological alterations on thermal regimes due to small water provisioning schemes are poorly understood. We studied the alteration of thermal regimes in a Mediterranean stream, where a weir and a water abstraction have been previously shown to severely affect the flow regime (e.g.frequency and duration of drought) and fish assemblage. Compared to non-impacted sites, the daily water temperature was more variable downstream of the weir, where water flow was reduced and drying occurred every summer. However, water temperature variation was smaller in a nearby downstream site dominated by effluents from a wastewater treatment plant. In addition, compared to all other sites, the times of the day to reach minimum and maximum water temperatures were markedly different in this site receiving the wastewater plant effluents and occurred earlier in the day in the site below the weir. The relationships between air and water temperatures were tight downstream but became looser and anomalous at the sites affected by water abstraction and effluent inputs. Overall, our results show that water temperature regimes in small streams are abruptly disrupted with water provisioning schemes with unknown consequences for aquatic organisms and ecosystems. Effects may be particularly stressful in Mediterranean-climate streams, where water is scarce and hydrological alterations pervasive
This research was financially supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (projects CONSOLIDER-INGENIO SCARCE, CSD2009-00065 and CGL2013-43822-R), the Government of Catalonia (ref. 2014 SGR 484), and by the Catalan Water Agency and Sant Celoni town council (‘Observatori de la Tordera’ project, led by Dr. M. Boada). MJB benefited from a postdoctoral grant from the European Commission (Erasmus Mundus Partnership ‘NESSIE’, 372353-1-2012-1-FR-ERA MUNDUS-EMA22)
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/2072/298418
Language: eng
Publisher: Wiley
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Subject: Hidrologia
Hydrology
Title: Small Weirs, Big Effects: Disruption of Water Temperature Regimes with Hydrological Alteration in a Mediterranean Stream
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: Recercat

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