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The Neolithic Transition in the Iberian Peninsula: Data Analysis and Modeling

We apply GIS techniques to analyze a carefully selected database of 93 Early Neolithic sites in the Iberian Peninsula. This allows us to study the spatial dynamics of the Neolithic transition in Iberia. We study how the Neolithic was introduced into the peninsula in order to test the hypothesis that the Neolithic was introduced almost simultaneously from two sources: one at the northeast (via the Mediterranean coast) and another one at the south (possibly from Northern Africa). We also analyze how the expansion of the Neolithic transition took place within the Iberian Peninsula and measure local rates of spread in order to identify regions with fast and slow rates (such as the slowdown at the Cantabrian coast). In addition, we attempt to reproduce the main results obtained from the GIS analysis by applying reaction-dispersal models to the expansion of the Neolithic transition in the Iberian Peninsula. We conclude that a model with two sources is a reasonable assumption that agrees better with the archaeological data available at present than a model with a single source

This work has been partially funded by the ERC (AdG-230561), MEC (grants SimulPast-CSD-2010-00034, FIS-2012-31307, and HAR2011-23149), FCT (Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, Portugal, grant PTDC/HAH/64546/2006), and the Generalitat de Catalunya (grant 2009-SGR-374)

Springer Verlag

Manager: Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (Espanya)
Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (Espanya)
Author: Isern Sardó, Neus
Fort, Joaquim
Carvalho, António Faustino
Gibaja, Juan F.
Ibañez, Juan José
Abstract: We apply GIS techniques to analyze a carefully selected database of 93 Early Neolithic sites in the Iberian Peninsula. This allows us to study the spatial dynamics of the Neolithic transition in Iberia. We study how the Neolithic was introduced into the peninsula in order to test the hypothesis that the Neolithic was introduced almost simultaneously from two sources: one at the northeast (via the Mediterranean coast) and another one at the south (possibly from Northern Africa). We also analyze how the expansion of the Neolithic transition took place within the Iberian Peninsula and measure local rates of spread in order to identify regions with fast and slow rates (such as the slowdown at the Cantabrian coast). In addition, we attempt to reproduce the main results obtained from the GIS analysis by applying reaction-dispersal models to the expansion of the Neolithic transition in the Iberian Peninsula. We conclude that a model with two sources is a reasonable assumption that agrees better with the archaeological data available at present than a model with a single source
This work has been partially funded by the ERC (AdG-230561), MEC (grants SimulPast-CSD-2010-00034, FIS-2012-31307, and HAR2011-23149), FCT (Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, Portugal, grant PTDC/HAH/64546/2006), and the Generalitat de Catalunya (grant 2009-SGR-374)
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/2072/299530
Language: eng
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Subject: Equacions de reacció-difusió
Reaction-diffusion equations
Neolític -- Models matemàtics
Neolithic period -- Mathematical models
Title: The Neolithic Transition in the Iberian Peninsula: Data Analysis and Modeling
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: Recercat

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