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Validated methodology for quantifying infestation levels of dreissenid mussels in environmental DNA (eDNA) samples

The zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha Pallas, 1771) and the quagga mussel (D. rostriformis Deshayes, 1838) are successful invasive bivalves with substantial ecological and economic impacts in freshwater systems once they become established. Since their eradication is extremely difficult, their detection at an early stage is crucial to prevent spread. In this study, we optimized and validated a qPCR detection method based on the histone H2B gene to quantify combined infestation levels of zebra and quagga mussels in environmental DNA samples. Our results show specific dreissenid DNA present in filtered water samples for which microscopic diagnostic identification for larvae failed. Monitoring a large number of locations for invasive dreissenid species based on a highly specific environmental DNA qPCR assay may prove to be an essential tool for management and control plans focused on prevention of establishment of dreissenid mussels in new locations

We are indebted to different colleagues for zebra mussel sample collections: Concha Durán (Ebro Hydrografic Confederation, Spain) for the logistic advice; Anna Terrats and Carolina Solà (Catalan Water Agency from the Government of Catalonia, Spain) for the filtered-water environmental samples. We would thank to Mariona Palacios for her collaboration in the analysis into her Final Master Project. This research was carried out within the objectives of the research project CGL200909407 of the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (MICINN)

Nature Publishing Group

Manager: Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (Espanya)
Author: Peñarrubia Lozano, Luis
Alcaraz Cazorla, Carles
Vaate, Abraham bij de
Sanz Ball-llosera, Núria
Pla Zanuy, Carles
Vidal Fàbrega, Oriol
Viñas de Puig, Jordi
Date: 2018 June 5
Abstract: The zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha Pallas, 1771) and the quagga mussel (D. rostriformis Deshayes, 1838) are successful invasive bivalves with substantial ecological and economic impacts in freshwater systems once they become established. Since their eradication is extremely difficult, their detection at an early stage is crucial to prevent spread. In this study, we optimized and validated a qPCR detection method based on the histone H2B gene to quantify combined infestation levels of zebra and quagga mussels in environmental DNA samples. Our results show specific dreissenid DNA present in filtered water samples for which microscopic diagnostic identification for larvae failed. Monitoring a large number of locations for invasive dreissenid species based on a highly specific environmental DNA qPCR assay may prove to be an essential tool for management and control plans focused on prevention of establishment of dreissenid mussels in new locations
We are indebted to different colleagues for zebra mussel sample collections: Concha Durán (Ebro Hydrografic Confederation, Spain) for the logistic advice; Anna Terrats and Carolina Solà (Catalan Water Agency from the Government of Catalonia, Spain) for the filtered-water environmental samples. We would thank to Mariona Palacios for her collaboration in the analysis into her Final Master Project. This research was carried out within the objectives of the research project CGL200909407 of the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (MICINN)
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/2072/319605
Language: eng
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Rights: Attribution 4.0 Spain
Rights URI: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/es/
Subject: Genètica de poblacions
Population genetics
Musclos d’aigua dolça -- Genètica
Freshwater mussels -- Genetics
Animals invasors
Invasions biològiques
Introduced organisms
Biological invasions
Title: Validated methodology for quantifying infestation levels of dreissenid mussels in environmental DNA (eDNA) samples
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: Recercat

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