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Unemployment, drugs and attitudes among European youth

This paper studies changes in the patterns of drug consumption and attitudes towards drugs in relation to sky-high (youth) unemployment rates brought about by the Great Recession. Our analysis is based on data for 28 European countries that refer to young people. We find that the consumption of cannabis and ’new substances’ is positively related to increasing unemployment rates. An increase of 1% in the regional unemployment rate is associated with an increase of 0.7 percentage points in the ratio of young people who state that they have consumed cannabis at some point in time. Our findings also indicate that higher unemployment may be associated with more young people perceiving that access to drugs has become more difficult, particularly access to ecstasy, cocaine and heroin. According to young Europeans, when the economy worsens, anti-drug policies should focus on the reduction of poverty and unemployment, and not on implementing tougher measures against users

This paper has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020Research and Innovation Programme under grant agreement no. 649395, projecttitle: NEGOTIATE – Overcoming early job-insecurity in Europe. Sara Ayllón alsoacknowledges support from the projects ECO2013-46516-C4-1-R, ECO2016-76506-C4-4-R and 2014-SGR-1279 and is very grateful for the warm hospitality receivedin the Department of Social Sciences at the University of Eastern Finland, where thispaper was revised

Elsevier

Manager: Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (Espanya)
Author: Ayllón, Sara
Ferreira-Batista, Natalia N.
Date: 2018 June 5
Abstract: This paper studies changes in the patterns of drug consumption and attitudes towards drugs in relation to sky-high (youth) unemployment rates brought about by the Great Recession. Our analysis is based on data for 28 European countries that refer to young people. We find that the consumption of cannabis and ’new substances’ is positively related to increasing unemployment rates. An increase of 1% in the regional unemployment rate is associated with an increase of 0.7 percentage points in the ratio of young people who state that they have consumed cannabis at some point in time. Our findings also indicate that higher unemployment may be associated with more young people perceiving that access to drugs has become more difficult, particularly access to ecstasy, cocaine and heroin. According to young Europeans, when the economy worsens, anti-drug policies should focus on the reduction of poverty and unemployment, and not on implementing tougher measures against users
This paper has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020Research and Innovation Programme under grant agreement no. 649395, projecttitle: NEGOTIATE – Overcoming early job-insecurity in Europe. Sara Ayllón alsoacknowledges support from the projects ECO2013-46516-C4-1-R, ECO2016-76506-C4-4-R and 2014-SGR-1279 and is very grateful for the warm hospitality receivedin the Department of Social Sciences at the University of Eastern Finland, where thispaper was revised
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/2072/319863
Language: eng
Publisher: Elsevier
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 Spain
Rights URI: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/es/
Subject: Joves adults -- Consum de drogues
Young adults -- Drug use
Atur juvenil
Unemployed youth
Title: Unemployment, drugs and attitudes among European youth
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: Recercat

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