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Design and characterization of the SiPM tracking system of NEXT-DEMO, a demonstrator prototype of the NEXT-100 experiment

NEXT-100 experiment aims at searching the neutrinoless double-beta decay of the 136Xe isotope using a TPC filled with a 100 kg of high-pressure gaseous xenon, with 90% isotopic enrichment. The experiment will take place at the Laboratorio Subterr'aneo de Canfranc (LSC), Spain. NEXT-100 uses electroluminescence (EL) technology for energy measurement with a resolution better than 1% FWHM. The gaseous xenon in the TPC additionally allows the tracks of the two beta particles to be recorded, which are expected to have a length of up to 30 cm at 10 bar pressure. The ability to record the topological signature of the ββ0ν events provides a powerful background rejection factor for the ββ experiment. In this paper, we present a novel 3D imaging concept using SiPMs coated with tetraphenyl butadiene (TPB) for the EL read out and its first implementation in NEXT-DEMO, a large-scale prototype of the NEXT-100 experiment. The design and the first characterization measurements of the NEXT-DEMO SiPM tracking system are presented. The SiPM response uniformity over the tracking plane drawn from its gain map is shown to be better than 4%. An automated active control system for the stabilization of the SiPMs gain was developed, based on the voltage supply compensation of the gain drifts. The gain is shown to be stabilized within 0.2% relative variation around its nominal value, provided by Hamamatsu, in a temperature range of 10°C. The noise level from the electronics and the SiPM dark noise is shown to lay typically below the level of 10 photoelectrons (pe) in the ADC. Hence, a detection threshold at 10 pe is set for the acquisition of the tracking signals. The ADC full dynamic range (4096 channels) is shown to be adequate for signal levels of up to 200 pe/μs, which enables recording most of the tracking signals

We acknowledge the Spanish MICINN for the Consolider Ingenio grants under contracts CSD2008- 00037, CSD2007-00042 and for the research grants under contract FPA2008-03456 and FPA2009- 13697-C04-01 part of which come from FEDER funds. The Portuguese teams acknowledges support from FCT and FEDER through program COMPETE, projects PTDC/FIS/103860/2008 and PTDC/FIS/112272/2009. J. Renner acknowledges the support of the U.S. Department of Energy Stewardship Science Graduate Fellowship, grant number DE-FC52-08NA28752

Institute of Physics (IOP)

Author: Álvarez Puerta, Vicente
Ball, M.
Borges, Filipa I.G.M.
Cárcel García, Sara
Castel, J.
Cebrián, Susana
Cervera Villanueva, Anselmo
Conde, Carlos A.N.
Dafni, Theopisti
Dias, T.H.V.T
Díaz Medina, José
Egorov, M.
Esteve, Raúl
Evtoukhovitch, P.
Fernandes, L.M.P.
Ferrario, Paola
Ferreira, Antonio Luis
Freitas, Elisabete D.C.
Garcia, A.N.C.
Gehman, Victor M.
Gil Ortiz, Alejandro
Goldschmidt, Azriel
Gómez, H.
Gómez Cadenas, Juan José
González-Díaz, Diego
Gutiérrez, Rafael María
Hauptman, John M.
Hernando Morata, J.A.
Herrera, D.C.
Iguaz, F.J.
Irastorza, Igor Garcia
Jinete, M.A.
Labarga, Luis A.
Laing, Andrew
Liubarsky, Igor
Lopes, J.A.M.
Lorca Galindo, David
Losada, Marta
Luzón, Gloria
Marí, A.
Martín-Albo Simón, Justo
Martínez Pérez, Alberto
Miller, Tom P.
Moiseenko, A.
Monrabal Capilla, Francesc
Monteiro, Cristina M.B.
Mora, Francisco José
Moutinho, L.M.
Muñoz Vidal, J.
Natal da Luz, H.
Navarro, G.
Nebot Guinot, Miquel
Nygren, David R.
Oliveira, Carlos A.B.
Palma, R.
Pérez, Javier Martin
Pérez Aparicio, J.L.
Renner, Joshua
Ripoll Masferrer, Lluís
Rodríguez, Ángel Y.
Rodríguez Samaniego, Javier
Santos, Filomena P.
dos Santos, Joaquim M.F.
Seguí, Laura
Serra Díaz-Cano, Luis
Shuman, Derek B.
Simón Estévez, Ander
Sofka, C.
Sorel, Michel
Toledo, J.F.
Tsamalaidze, Zviadi
Vázquez, D.
Veloso, João F.C.A.
Villar, José Ángel
Webb, R.C.
White, James T.
Yahlali Haddou, Nadia
Date: 2020 February 15
Abstract: NEXT-100 experiment aims at searching the neutrinoless double-beta decay of the 136Xe isotope using a TPC filled with a 100 kg of high-pressure gaseous xenon, with 90% isotopic enrichment. The experiment will take place at the Laboratorio Subterr'aneo de Canfranc (LSC), Spain. NEXT-100 uses electroluminescence (EL) technology for energy measurement with a resolution better than 1% FWHM. The gaseous xenon in the TPC additionally allows the tracks of the two beta particles to be recorded, which are expected to have a length of up to 30 cm at 10 bar pressure. The ability to record the topological signature of the ββ0ν events provides a powerful background rejection factor for the ββ experiment. In this paper, we present a novel 3D imaging concept using SiPMs coated with tetraphenyl butadiene (TPB) for the EL read out and its first implementation in NEXT-DEMO, a large-scale prototype of the NEXT-100 experiment. The design and the first characterization measurements of the NEXT-DEMO SiPM tracking system are presented. The SiPM response uniformity over the tracking plane drawn from its gain map is shown to be better than 4%. An automated active control system for the stabilization of the SiPMs gain was developed, based on the voltage supply compensation of the gain drifts. The gain is shown to be stabilized within 0.2% relative variation around its nominal value, provided by Hamamatsu, in a temperature range of 10°C. The noise level from the electronics and the SiPM dark noise is shown to lay typically below the level of 10 photoelectrons (pe) in the ADC. Hence, a detection threshold at 10 pe is set for the acquisition of the tracking signals. The ADC full dynamic range (4096 channels) is shown to be adequate for signal levels of up to 200 pe/μs, which enables recording most of the tracking signals
We acknowledge the Spanish MICINN for the Consolider Ingenio grants under contracts CSD2008- 00037, CSD2007-00042 and for the research grants under contract FPA2008-03456 and FPA2009- 13697-C04-01 part of which come from FEDER funds. The Portuguese teams acknowledges support from FCT and FEDER through program COMPETE, projects PTDC/FIS/103860/2008 and PTDC/FIS/112272/2009. J. Renner acknowledges the support of the U.S. Department of Energy Stewardship Science Graduate Fellowship, grant number DE-FC52-08NA28752
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/2072/372197
Language: eng
Publisher: Institute of Physics (IOP)
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Subject: Detectors
Enginyeria -- Instruments
Engineering instruments
Física -- Instruments
Physical instruments
Detectors de radiació
Nuclear counters
Detectors
Title: Design and characterization of the SiPM tracking system of NEXT-DEMO, a demonstrator prototype of the NEXT-100 experiment
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: Recercat

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