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Indenyl effect due to metal slippage? Computational exploration of rhodium-catalyzed acetylene [2+2+2] cyclotrimerization

The mechanism of CpRh (Cp=cyclopentadienyl) and IndRh (Ind=indenyl)- catalyzed acetylene [2+2+2] cyclotrimerization has been revisited aiming at finding an explanation for the better performance of the latter catalyst found experimentally. The hypothesis that an ancillary ligand of the precatalyst remains bonded to the metal center throughout the whole catalytic cycle, based on the experimental evidence that the nature of this ligand can exert some control in cocyclotrimerization of different alkynes, is considered. Strong hapticity variations occur in both the CpRh- and IndRh-catalyzed processes. As the Ind ligand undergoes a more facile slippage than Cp, the energy profile is far smoother in the IndRh-catalyzed cyclotrimerization. This difference in the energetics of the process translates into an enhanced activity of the IndRh catalyst, in nice agreement with experiment. Caution, wet ligand! An alternative mechanism for acetylene [2+2+2] cyclotrimerization to benzene catalyzed by RhI half-metallocenes is proposed (see figure), based on an extensive computational exploration and electronic structure analyses. The mechanism explains the experimentally observed indenyl effect in terms of a more facile slippage of [RhI] on the indenyl versus cyclopentadienyl ligand

We thank the HPC-EUROPA2 project (project number: 228398) with the support of the European Commission-Capacities Area-Research Infrastructures, the University of Padova (CPDA127392/12), the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO-CW and NWO-EW), the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion (MICINN, project number CTQ2011-25086/BQU), the European Fund for Regional Development (FEDER, grant UNGI08-4E-003), and the DIUE of the Generalitat de Catalunya (project number 2009SGR528) for financial support

© ChemPhysChem, 2014, vol. 15, núm. 1, p. 219-228

Wiley-VCH Verlag

Author: Orian, Laura
Swart, Marcel
Bickelhaupt, Friedrich Matthias
Date: 2014
Abstract: The mechanism of CpRh (Cp=cyclopentadienyl) and IndRh (Ind=indenyl)- catalyzed acetylene [2+2+2] cyclotrimerization has been revisited aiming at finding an explanation for the better performance of the latter catalyst found experimentally. The hypothesis that an ancillary ligand of the precatalyst remains bonded to the metal center throughout the whole catalytic cycle, based on the experimental evidence that the nature of this ligand can exert some control in cocyclotrimerization of different alkynes, is considered. Strong hapticity variations occur in both the CpRh- and IndRh-catalyzed processes. As the Ind ligand undergoes a more facile slippage than Cp, the energy profile is far smoother in the IndRh-catalyzed cyclotrimerization. This difference in the energetics of the process translates into an enhanced activity of the IndRh catalyst, in nice agreement with experiment. Caution, wet ligand! An alternative mechanism for acetylene [2+2+2] cyclotrimerization to benzene catalyzed by RhI half-metallocenes is proposed (see figure), based on an extensive computational exploration and electronic structure analyses. The mechanism explains the experimentally observed indenyl effect in terms of a more facile slippage of [RhI] on the indenyl versus cyclopentadienyl ligand
We thank the HPC-EUROPA2 project (project number: 228398) with the support of the European Commission-Capacities Area-Research Infrastructures, the University of Padova (CPDA127392/12), the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO-CW and NWO-EW), the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion (MICINN, project number CTQ2011-25086/BQU), the European Fund for Regional Development (FEDER, grant UNGI08-4E-003), and the DIUE of the Generalitat de Catalunya (project number 2009SGR528) for financial support
Format: application/pdf
ISSN: 1439-4235 (versió paper)
1439-7641 (versió electrònica)
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/10256/11444
Language: eng
Publisher: Wiley-VCH Verlag
Collection: MICINN/PN 2012-2014/CTQ2011-25086
AGAUR/2009-2014/2009 SGR-528
Reproducció digital del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cphc.201300934
Articles publicats (D-Q)
Is part of: © ChemPhysChem, 2014, vol. 15, núm. 1, p. 219-228
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Subject: Funcional de densitat, Teoria del
Density functionals
Rodi
Rhodium
Title: Indenyl effect due to metal slippage? Computational exploration of rhodium-catalyzed acetylene [2+2+2] cyclotrimerization
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: DUGiDocs

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