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Occurrence and spatial distribution of EDCs and related compounds in waters and sediments of Iberian rivers

The environmental presence of chemicals capable of affecting the endocrine system has become a matter of scientific and public concern after certain endocrine disruptor compounds (EDCs) have been detected in the aquatic environment.In this work, 31 different EDCs and related compounds (suspect EDCs) belonging to different contaminant classes were studied: 10 estrogens, natural and synthetic, 8 alkylphenolic compounds, bisphenol A, triclosan and triclorocaraban, 4 parabens, 2 benzotriazoles, 3 organophosphorous flame retardants and the chemical marker caffeine, in river water and sediment of four Iberian rivers (Ebro, Llobregat, Júcar and Guadalquivir). An extensive sampling has been undertaken in two monitoring campaigns (2010 and 2011). A total of 77 samples of water and 75 sediments were collected.For this propose two different multiresidue analytical methods were applied, using the automated online EQuan/TurboFlow™ liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry detection in tandem.In terms of concentrations the compounds found at the highest average concentrations were: nonylphenol monocarboxylate (NP1EC), tolyltriazole (TT), tris(chloroisopropyl)phosphate (TCPP) found at average concentrations above 100. ng/L, followed by 1H-benzotriazole and tris(butoxyethyl)phosphate (TBEP) found at average concentration higher than 50. ng/L. Natural and synthetic hormones were found at low levels not exceeding 16. ng/L and 7. ng/g for water and sediment, respectively, however they contributed to more than 80% of the total estrogenicity of the samples (expressed as the equivalents of estradiol EEQ, ng/L). Regarding the spatial distribution of these contaminants, the Llobregat river was found to be the most contaminated river basin, having sites near the mouth of the river the ones with the highest contaminant load. In the Ebro river basin several hot spots were identified and Júcar showed to be the least contaminated. Overall, the study confirmed the presence of complex mixtures of unregulated contaminants, thus raising concern about their potential interactive effects

This work was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitivity through the Consolider-Ingenio 2010 CSD2009-00065 project and by the Generalitat of Catalunya (Consolidated Research Groups 2014 SGR 418 — Water and Soil Quality Unit and 2014 SGR 291 — Catalan Institute for Water Research)

Elsevier

Manager: Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (Espanya)
Author: Gorga, Marina
Insa, Sara
Petrović, Mira
Barceló i Cullerés, Damià
Abstract: The environmental presence of chemicals capable of affecting the endocrine system has become a matter of scientific and public concern after certain endocrine disruptor compounds (EDCs) have been detected in the aquatic environment.In this work, 31 different EDCs and related compounds (suspect EDCs) belonging to different contaminant classes were studied: 10 estrogens, natural and synthetic, 8 alkylphenolic compounds, bisphenol A, triclosan and triclorocaraban, 4 parabens, 2 benzotriazoles, 3 organophosphorous flame retardants and the chemical marker caffeine, in river water and sediment of four Iberian rivers (Ebro, Llobregat, Júcar and Guadalquivir). An extensive sampling has been undertaken in two monitoring campaigns (2010 and 2011). A total of 77 samples of water and 75 sediments were collected.For this propose two different multiresidue analytical methods were applied, using the automated online EQuan/TurboFlow™ liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry detection in tandem.In terms of concentrations the compounds found at the highest average concentrations were: nonylphenol monocarboxylate (NP1EC), tolyltriazole (TT), tris(chloroisopropyl)phosphate (TCPP) found at average concentrations above 100. ng/L, followed by 1H-benzotriazole and tris(butoxyethyl)phosphate (TBEP) found at average concentration higher than 50. ng/L. Natural and synthetic hormones were found at low levels not exceeding 16. ng/L and 7. ng/g for water and sediment, respectively, however they contributed to more than 80% of the total estrogenicity of the samples (expressed as the equivalents of estradiol EEQ, ng/L). Regarding the spatial distribution of these contaminants, the Llobregat river was found to be the most contaminated river basin, having sites near the mouth of the river the ones with the highest contaminant load. In the Ebro river basin several hot spots were identified and Júcar showed to be the least contaminated. Overall, the study confirmed the presence of complex mixtures of unregulated contaminants, thus raising concern about their potential interactive effects
This work was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitivity through the Consolider-Ingenio 2010 CSD2009-00065 project and by the Generalitat of Catalunya (Consolidated Research Groups 2014 SGR 418 — Water and Soil Quality Unit and 2014 SGR 291 — Catalan Institute for Water Research)
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/2072/297929
Language: eng
Publisher: Elsevier
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Subject: Disruptors endocrins
Endocrine disrupting chemicals
Aigua -- Contaminació
Water -- Pollution
Contaminants
Pollutants
Contaminants emergents en l’aigua
Emerging contaminants in water
Sediments fluvials -- Aspectes ambientals
River sediments -- Environmental aspects
Title: Occurrence and spatial distribution of EDCs and related compounds in waters and sediments of Iberian rivers
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: Recercat

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