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Exploring the origins of selectivity in soluble epoxide hydrolase from: Bacillus megaterium

Epoxide hydrolase (EH) enzymes catalyze the hydration of racemic epoxides to yield their corresponding vicinal diols. These enzymes present different enantio- and regioselectivity depending upon either the substrate structure or the substitution pattern of the epoxide ring. In this study, we computationally investigate the Bacillus megaterium epoxide hydrolase (BmEH)-mediated hydrolysis of racemic styrene oxide (rac-SO) and its para-nitro styrene oxide (rac-p-NSO) derivative using density functional theory (DFT) and an active site cluster model consisting of 195 and 197 atoms, respectively. Full reaction mechanisms for epoxide ring opening were evaluated considering the attack at both oxirane carbons and considering two possible orientations of the substrate at the BmEH active site. Our results indicate that for both SO and p-NSO substrates the BmEH enantio- and regioselectivity is opposite to the inherent (R)-BmEH selectivity, the attack at the benzylic position (C1) of the (S)-enantiomer being the most favoured chemical outcome

E. S.-H. thanks the Generalitat de Catalunya for a PhD fellowship (2017-FI-B-00118), M. G.-B. is grateful to the Ramón Areces Foundation for a Postdoctoral Fellowship. S. O. thanks the Spanish MINECO CTQ2014-59212-P, Ramón y Cajal contract (RYC-2014-16846), the European Community for CIG project (PCIG14-GA-2013-630978), and the funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (ERC-2015-StG-679001)

Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)

Manager: Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (Espanya)
Author: Serrano-Hervás, Eila
Garcia Borràs, Marc
Osuna Oliveras, Sílvia
Date: 2018 June 5
Abstract: Epoxide hydrolase (EH) enzymes catalyze the hydration of racemic epoxides to yield their corresponding vicinal diols. These enzymes present different enantio- and regioselectivity depending upon either the substrate structure or the substitution pattern of the epoxide ring. In this study, we computationally investigate the Bacillus megaterium epoxide hydrolase (BmEH)-mediated hydrolysis of racemic styrene oxide (rac-SO) and its para-nitro styrene oxide (rac-p-NSO) derivative using density functional theory (DFT) and an active site cluster model consisting of 195 and 197 atoms, respectively. Full reaction mechanisms for epoxide ring opening were evaluated considering the attack at both oxirane carbons and considering two possible orientations of the substrate at the BmEH active site. Our results indicate that for both SO and p-NSO substrates the BmEH enantio- and regioselectivity is opposite to the inherent (R)-BmEH selectivity, the attack at the benzylic position (C1) of the (S)-enantiomer being the most favoured chemical outcome
E. S.-H. thanks the Generalitat de Catalunya for a PhD fellowship (2017-FI-B-00118), M. G.-B. is grateful to the Ramón Areces Foundation for a Postdoctoral Fellowship. S. O. thanks the Spanish MINECO CTQ2014-59212-P, Ramón y Cajal contract (RYC-2014-16846), the European Community for CIG project (PCIG14-GA-2013-630978), and the funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (ERC-2015-StG-679001)
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/2072/319870
Language: eng
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Spain
Rights URI: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/es/
Subject: Epòxids
Epoxy compounds
Mecanismes de reacció (Química)
Reaction mechanisms (Chemistry)
Title: Exploring the origins of selectivity in soluble epoxide hydrolase from: Bacillus megaterium
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: Recercat

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