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Age-dependent Mortality, Fecundity, Mobility Effects on the Neolithic Transition

Social Simulation Conference (2014 : Barcelona, Spain). Proceedings of the Social Simulation Conference held at Barcelona, Catalunya (Spain), September 1­5, 2014: 10th Artificial Economics Conference AE10th Conference of the European Social Simulation association ESSA 1st Simulating the Past to Understand Human History SPUHH

We present a model that makes it possible to analyze the effect of the age dependences of mortality, fertility and dispersal persistence on the speed of propagating fronts in two spatial dimensions. Speeds derived analytically agree very well with those obtained from numerical simulations. Infant mortality and total fecundity are the most relevant parameters affecting the front speed, whereas the adult mortality rates and dispersal persistences are less important. We apply the model to the Neolithic transition in Europe. The predictions of the model are consistent with the archaeological data for the front speed, provided that the infant mortality lies within a relatively narrow range

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Laboratori d’Arqueologia Quantitativa

Author: Pérez Losada, Joaquim
Date: 2018 June 5
Abstract: Social Simulation Conference (2014 : Barcelona, Spain). Proceedings of the Social Simulation Conference held at Barcelona, Catalunya (Spain), September 1­5, 2014: 10th Artificial Economics Conference AE10th Conference of the European Social Simulation association ESSA 1st Simulating the Past to Understand Human History SPUHH
We present a model that makes it possible to analyze the effect of the age dependences of mortality, fertility and dispersal persistence on the speed of propagating fronts in two spatial dimensions. Speeds derived analytically agree very well with those obtained from numerical simulations. Infant mortality and total fecundity are the most relevant parameters affecting the front speed, whereas the adult mortality rates and dispersal persistences are less important. We apply the model to the Neolithic transition in Europe. The predictions of the model are consistent with the archaeological data for the front speed, provided that the infant mortality lies within a relatively narrow range
Document access: http://hdl.handle.net/2072/320219
Language: eng
Publisher: Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Laboratori d’Arqueologia Quantitativa
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain
Rights URI: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
Subject: Neolític -- Models matemàtics
Neolithic period -- Mathematical models
Equacions de reacció-difusió
Reaction-diffusion equations
Title: Age-dependent Mortality, Fecundity, Mobility Effects on the Neolithic Transition
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Repository: Recercat

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